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明星资讯腾讯娱乐2017年12月16日 21:03:34
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Every girl is different--if they were all alike, you wouldn't be interested in this one in particular, now would you? There are as many different ways to get a girl as there are girls, so let's go over some basic rules that'll win over any girl worth getting.Steps1. Have your own life.If you tend to fall into the "friend zone", this is especially important. Girls don't like guys who have no lives, and who cling to them like plastic wrap. Actually, some girls do like that, but usually for all the wrong reasons--either they're insecure and needy for attention, or they're control freaks who like to dominate guys. Unless you want to sign up for either of those scenarios, focus filling your time with your own friendships, interests, and goals.2. Make an impression.There's no one-size-fits-all solution here. What impresses one girl might make another roll her eyes. Your best bet is to be yourself. Demonstrate a unique skill or talent that you're proud of, something that sets you apart from the crowd. Not only will this make her feel good about you, but it can boost your confidence, too.3. Flirt.When you see or meet a girl you like, make brief eye contact. Smile. Strike up a casual conversation. Most importantly, relax. Don't think of her as the girl of your dreams; don't worry about what will happen if you make a bad joke, or you've got something stuck to your teeth. Enjoy interacting with this attractive, friendly girl whose path crossed yours. Live in the moment.4. Talk to her.Tell her what you really enjoy in life, what gets you excited and what you want to leap out of bed to pursue. Ask her what she really loves in life and what gets her excited. Be positive. If you have had a bad day, still greet them with pleasure and a big smile. Most importantly, listen.5. Be romantic.The stereotypical icons of romance (roses, candles and chocolate) can only go so far. Think about what really gets that special someone excited. Recognize what makes her unique, and find/do things for them that only they would appreciate. What are her quirky (perhaps secret) interests, obsessions and fantasies? Whenever she's shopping, talking, or watching a movie, what makes her eyes light up? Pay attention! Being romantic means acknowledging how special a person is, and that means demonstrating that you know--better than anyone else in the world--what makes her unique.6. Break the touch barrier.There are several ways to touch a girl without being sleazy. Hold her coat while she puts it on. Offer her your hand when she's stepping on an uneven surface. Hold out your elbow so she can link arms with you as you walk together. Hold out your hand so you can lead her through a crowd. Rub her hands when they're cold. These are all polite ways to get a little closer without being creepy. Still, if you see any signs of discomfort, stop! Otherwise, she'll probably enjoy the affection.7. Compliment her.If you really like this girl, you probably appreciate a lot of things about her. Why not let her know? If anything is different or new (her hairstyle, nail polish color, shirt), make note of it. The more unique the compliment, the better received it will be, unless she's shallow. Most girls like being complimented on something that makes them distinct, not something that plenty of other girls have. If you compliment her appearance, try to be original. Better yet, compliment her personality or skills.8. Make her laugh.Telling jokes or funny stories is the classic way to make a person laugh, but not the only one. Find out which are her favorite comedians, funny movies, or sitcoms. Watch them with her. Be bold and think of some antics that'll make her laugh. Tell her to dare you to do something, then do it (as long as it's not dangerous or illegal, of course).9. Ask her out.Invite her to go somewhere or do something with you--make sure it's something that you're both interested in. If you want, show her your world. Bring her somewhere that you feel comfortable and preferably, where you have or do something that you're proud of. Or, express interest in seeing her world. Is she a musician? Ask if you can see her perform. Is she a mathematician? Ask to her report or thesis. Or, just go out for lunch or a cup of coffee and get to know her better. /200901/60863The ratio of length between a man's second and fourth fingers (2D:4D) is thought to be linked to the amount of testosterone he received in the womb. According to new research, it also shows something else: How attractive a man's face will be to women. The research looked at the relationship between the 2D:4D ratio, how attractive women thought the face was, and other signs associated with attraction and testosterone production: body smell and voice.Men with a lower 2D:4D ratio (shorter pointer and longer ring fingers) were thought by the subjects to be more attractive, have more "masculine" features, and have more symmetrical faces.However, the men's smell and voices — both of which are linked to testosterone levels and attraction — didn't correlate with the ratio. Scientists say this implies that facial structure is influenced by the hormone during pregnancy, and voice and odor by testosterone levels later in life.研究发现:男性食指和无名指的长度比例,关系到他在母亲子宫内获得的睾丸素多少。同时这也决定了该男子面貌吸引MM 的能力。来自日内瓦大学研究人员得出的结果是:食指 gt; 无名指 食指 lt; 无名指,将更加阳刚、脸部更加对称,所以也更被MM 们所喜欢。除此之外,其他于睾丸素有关的体毛特征暂与这个比例无关。# oioi:原来我们老听说这两根手指与GAY什么的有关。现在却是这个?!研究人员收集到了49名男性自愿者的照片、录音、体味,然后分别叫了两组女性来打分,得出的结果。 /201104/133100

摘要:算命是占卜的一种形式,在欧洲历史上曾十分流行。古希腊罗马人就相信神谕能通过先知之口传达,所以凡遇大事,总要征求神谕,以预知未来。Fortunetelling is the practice of trying to guess or predict what will happen in the future. Persons who claim to foretell the future are called fortunetellers.Fortunetelling has been especially popular during certain periods of history. For example, the ancient Greeks and Romans believed the gods spoke to them through prophets called oracles. Many people went to oracles for advice about the future. During the Renaissance, the period from about 1300 to about 1600, a type of fortunetelling called astrology became extremely popular in Europe. Some form of fortunetelling remain popular today as ways of amusement, but many believe in them sincerely. Some methods of telling fortunes are complicated, and fortunetellers often say they are scientific. But scientists consider them to be pseudosciences.There are four popular ways to tell fortunes. Some fortunetellers tell what one’s future will be by studying the lines, markings, shape, and the size of the person’s hand. This is called palmistry. Fortunetelling by cards is also popular. The person whose fortune is being told may select cards from a deck of playing cards that is lying face down on the table. The cards have meanings for the fortuneteller. The fortuneteller lays down the cards in a pattern on a table and tells the fortune by the order in which the cards appear. One of the most famous methods involves gazing into a crystal ball. A crystal ball is actually a glass ball, in which the fortuneteller is supposed to be able to see a picture of some future event. Another way to tell fortunes is astrology. This way is based on the belief that positions and movements of the sun, the moon, planets, and stars are related to people’s lives. /200905/70819

王子和公主从此幸福地生活在一起了,因为他们有钱养着军队为他们打架。 /201108/146761

  In romantic relationships, as with so much else, it’s the little things that count. Just as a mis-spoken word or odd look can throw a couple into a weeks-long feud, small and seemingly insignificant gestures can help keep a relationship on track. A little gift, an off-hand compliment, a moment of physical contact can vastly strengthen a relationship.According to psychologists Nathaniel Branden and Robert Sternberg, who have both researched and written about the challenges of romantic relationships, these little displays of interest and affection can be more important than all the "active listening" and trust games in the world. Their research has suggested 10 keys to keeping both partners content, satisfied, and happy with each other.1. Tell your partner you love them.Although it’s true that actions speak louder than words, words often speak more clearly than actions. Take a moment every now and then to verbalize your feelings for your partner. A simple “I love you” or “You mean the world to me” can go a long way towards making your significant other feel wanted, cared for, and secure in your relationship.2. Show some affection.Small acts of physical intimacy – the hand on the small of the back as you brush by in the hallway, your arm around their shoulder on the sofa, your hand on their thigh when seated side-by-side, holding hands while walking down the street – give your partner a warm feeling and convey the love and affection you feel for them. The littlest touch can be as important, or even more important, than the longest night of sexual intimacy.3. Show appreciation for your partner.Let your partner know on a regular basis what it is that you like most about them – what you admire, what makes you proud, what their strengths are in your eyes. Building a romantic relationship isn’t jsut about the initial bonding – it’s about encouraging and supporting each other’s growth over the course of your lives. Help your partner achieve his or her potential by constantly building them up.4. Share yourself.Don’t keep your likes and dislikes, dreams and fears, achievements and mistakes, or anything else to yourself. If it’s important to you, share it with your partner. More than that, be sure to share more with your partner than you do with anyone else. While there is certainly a need for some personal space in even the closest relationship, give as much of yourself and your time as you can bear to your partner.5. Be there for your partner.It’s obvious what you need to do when your partner faces a major life challenge like the loss of a job or the death of a loved one. But it’s just as important to be supportive when your partner faces life’s little challenges, too – an argument at work, a rough commute, a misplaced check. Don’t let yourself be a doormat, and definitely don’t stand for physical or verbal abuse, but thicken your skin a little and be the voice of calm and reason when chaos strikes. Listen to what’s bothering them and offer whatever help – even if it’s just sympathy – you can.6. Give gifts.Take advantages of opportunities to give material tokens of your love. Just the right book picked up at the bookstore, a special dessert, a piece of jewelry or clothing you noticed at the store – anything small or large that tells them you were thinking of them. Leave a love note for them, or send them an SMS at work to “I love you” – again, the little reminder that they’re always on your mind will help your partner feel better about themselves and secure in your relationship.7. Respond gracefully to your partner’s demands and shortcomings.A big killer of relationships is unreasonable expectations. Unless you married a robot, your partner comes pre-loaded with a whole range of human failures and foibles. These are features, not bugs! Learn to recognize and appreciate your partner’s quirks for what they are: an essential part of who they are as people. Since our weaknesses are often at the core of our deepest insecurities, make sure you don’t pick on or otherwise go out of your way to highlight your partner’s flaws.8. Make "alone time" a priority.No matter how busy both of your lives are, make sure you commit at least an evening every week or two to be alone together. Have new experiences, share your stories, and just generally enjoy each other’s company.9. Take nothing for granted.Cultivate a daily sense of gratitude for your partner and the thousands of little blessings he or she has brought into your life. Remember that, if you’re happy in your relationship, your partner is doing a thousand little things for you every day to make your relationship work (as, hopefully, you are for them). Never take that for granted – a relationship is work of the highest order, and the second you stop it starts to slide away.10. Strive for equality.Make sure you follow the Golden Rule in your relationship: do unto your partner as you would have done unto you. Strive for a fair division of household duties and other tasks, and don’t expect or demand special considerations you’d be unwilling to offer in return. /200810/53820

  学英文的人有时候会注意到英式英文与美式英文的差异。其实世界上有很多种类的英文,不只英式和美式两种而已。光是在美国境内就有好多种不同的美式英文的方言。如果你在美国波士顿、纽约、迈阿密、达拉斯、洛杉矶等地区待过的话,你会发现这些地方的发音、字汇、甚至于文法,都跟其它地方稍有不同。同样的,在英国你如果待过伦敦、伯明翰、利物浦、爱丁堡、都柏林等地的话,也会发现各城市的差异。如果你在宴会上同时碰到一位美国人与一位英国人,几分钟之内就可以凭着他们的对话辨认出来。最明显的线索当然就是发音,例如dance、butter、no、bird等等,不仅子音、元音的咬字有差异,就连重音位置也常常不一样。英语、美语第二项最明显的差异,就是使用的单字。同样的东西,在美国与英国的称呼不一样。以下举一些最常见的例子:第一个为:American English 美语 第二个为:British English 英语 公寓 apartment flat 洗手间 bathroom/restroom toilet 罐头 can tin 糖果 candy sweets 洋芋片 chips crisps 饼干 cookie biscuit 玉米 corn maize 对方付费电话 collect call reverse charge call 婴儿床 crib cot 尿布 diaper nappy 电梯 elevator lift 橡皮擦 eraser rubber 一楼 first floor ground floor 手电筒 flashlight torch 薯条 french fries chips 垃圾桶 garbage can dustbin 汽油 gas, gasoline petrol 果酱 jelly jam 汽车的引擎盖 hood bonnet 生气 mad angry 数学 math maths 餐巾、擦嘴巾 napkin serviette 丝袜 panty-hose, pantihose tights 薯片 potato chips crisp 手提包 purse/pocketbook handbag 足球 soccer football 来回票 roundtrip return 人行道 sidewalk pavement 炉子 stove cooker 毛衣 sweater jersey, jumper 卡车 truck lorry 汽车后面的行李箱 trunk boot 假期 vacation holiday 拼字的差异比较小,以下是一些例子:第一个为:American English 美语 第二个为:British English 英语 考古学 archeology archaeology 目录 catalog catalogue 文明 civilization civilisation 颜色 color colour 马路牙子 curb kerb 抵抗 defense defence 草稿 draft draught 最爱 favorite favourite 荣誉 honor honour 珠宝 jewelry jewllery 组织 organization organisation 练习 practice practise 轮胎 tire tyre /200903/64399。

  年度“时尚黑名单”出炉 贝嫂最没品味A decade after singling out the Spice Girls as fashion atrocities, Mr. Blackwell put just one of them -- Victoria "Posh Spice" Beckham -- at the top of his 48th annual worst-dressed list released Tuesday.The acid-tongued critic who was designing dresses for the rich and famous when he originated the list in 1960, skewered entertainment's biggest stars in the latest compilation of fashion follies, including Fergie, Kelly Clarkson, Lindsay Lohan and Jessica Simpson.Blackwell heaped venom on Beckham, his No. 1 choice on the list."Forget the fashion spice, wearing a skirt would suffice! In one skinny-mini monstrosity after another, pouty posh can really wreck-em," he said in a statement.Blackwell listed the Spice Girls as No. 1 in his 1998 worst-dressed list, deriding the group as "the only spices on the planet that have no taste."The top 10 roll-call of fashion dishonors also included:No. 2. Amy Winehouse -- "Exploding beehives above, tacky polka-dots below, she's part 50's carhop horror."No. 3. Mary Kate Olsen -- "She resembles a tattered toothpick-trapped in a hurricane."No. 4. Fergie -- "Yes, when it comes to couture chaos, guess it's all in a name!"The rest of the top 10 list included Kelly Clarkson, Eva Green, Avril Lavigne, Jessica Simpson, Lindsay Lohan and Alison Arngrim.Missing from the list was Britney Spears, who has made it many times before."I felt that it was inappropriate at this time to make comment, when her personal life is in such upheaval. I hope 2008 is a better year for her," Blackwell said.Blackwell also released a Fabulous Fashion Independents list that included Reese Witherspoon, Jemima Khan, Beyonce, Angelina Jolie, Helen Mirren, Nicole Kidman, Katie Holmes, Kate Middleton, Katherine Heigl and Cate Blanchett. 布莱克维尔第48届年度 “时尚黑名单”于本周二出炉。在“辣”组合被评为该“最差穿着榜”冠军的十年后,布莱克维尔将今年的冠军颁给了“辣”成员之一“高贵辣”维多利亚#8226;贝克汉姆。时尚“毒舌”布莱克维尔从1960年开始编撰该榜,当时他专为社会名流设计时装。今年,圈的一些大牌明星遭到了布莱克维尔的炮轰,其中包括菲吉、凯莉#8226;克拉克森、林赛#8226;洛翰和杰西卡#8226;辛普森。而对于今年的“冠军”维多利亚#8226;贝克汉姆,布莱尔维尔给出了恶毒的评价:“曾经那个时尚的辣不见了,那个辣随便穿件短裙就够时尚!现在爱翘嘴的‘高贵辣’穿着一件又一件紧身的奇装异,简直能把它们给撑爆了。”1998年,“辣”组合被布莱尔维尔评为当年的最差穿着榜冠军,他评价该组合是“地球上唯一没有味道(品味)的香料”。十大最差穿着名人包括:第二名 埃米#8226;怀恩豪斯。点评:“头上顶着炸开的马蜂窝,下面是俗不可耐的波卡圆点,活脱一个50多岁的饭店务员。”第三名 玛丽#8226;凯特#8226;奥森。点评:“像个被困在飓风中的衣衫褴褛的牙签。”第四名 菲吉。点评:“堪称时尚灾难的代名词。”其他几位上榜明星包括凯莉#8226;克拉克森、伊娃#8226;格林、艾薇儿、杰西卡#8226;辛普森、林赛#8226;洛翰和艾莉森#8226;安格里姆。曾多次上榜的布兰妮今年则“幸免于难”。布莱克维尔说:“在这个时候对她评头论足不太合适,现在她的生活一团乱。我希望她2008年能交好运。”布莱尔维尔还公布了一份“时尚佳人名单”,其中包括里斯#8226;威瑟斯彭、杰尼玛#8226;卡恩、碧昂丝、安吉利娜#8226;茱丽、海伦#8226;米伦、妮可#8226;基德曼、凯蒂#8226;赫尔姆斯、凯特#8226;米德尔顿、凯瑟琳#8226;黑格尔和凯蒂#8226;布兰切特。 /200803/31399

  1 Without you, the moon is round though my heart is empty.   没有你在我身边,天上月圆圆,我心却空落落。2 East or west, home is best.   金窝,银窝不如自己的窝。3 The moon cake is eaten away, but the sweetness remains.   月饼已吃,甜蜜犹存4 Where we love is home, home that our feet may leave, but not our hearts.   家是我们情之所系的地方,虽只身在外,但心系家园。5 When we are together, even the moon in the sky will be jealousy.   如果我们在一起,天上的月亮也会嫉妒的。6 My dear, can you hear my heart beating in the soft moonlight? I miss you so.   在月色廖人的夜里,我是如此的想念你,亲爱的你听到我的心跳了吗? 7 To have a moonlight walk with you tonight is my best dream.   今晚和你在月光中散步是我最大的梦想。8 Still remember the happy time on Mid-autumn Festival when we were children? Best wishes for you!   还记得儿时我们共度的那个中秋吗?   祝你节日快乐。9 Would you like to go and admire the beauty of the moon with me tonight? 今晚能邀你一同赏月吗?10 Wish you and yours a happy holiday on this gathering day.   在这团聚的日子里祝你全家节日快乐。Our wallets will not be the only thing suffering as we buy presents this Christmas. The mind and body will also be put under dangerous levels of stress, a study has found.Christmas shopping increased blood pressure to dangerous levels in 50 per cent of shoppers. This can lead to hypertension, which can increase the risk of heart disease, stroke and kidney problems. Even low levels of hypertension are linked with migraines, panic attacks and osteoporosis. Heart rates increased by an average of 10 per cent during Christmas shopping, University of East London in partnership with Moneysupermarket Shopping found.In the study of 16 men and 16 women, men had the worst spikes in heart rate during a 90-minute spree in London. But with blood pressure and cortisol, both sexes had similar increases.Samuel Thompson, 30:" I HAD to buy five items and had an hour and a half to buy them. No sweat --or so I thought.""Normally, I know exactly what I want to get and do it as quick as possible. But having to make on-the-spot decisions, like we did in the test, makes it more stressful.""Lack of time and the crowds were the biggest pressure points. I got frustrated by other people slowing me down by stopping to chat in the street. And I could feel myself sweating in queues. Everything took longer than planned."Dr Turner's verdict:" Sam's heart rate was good at the start but it had almost doubled by the end. Combined with his hiked systolic blood pressure--up by nearly 15 per cent--it could put him in line for stroke. Systolic blood pressure relates to the pumping out of blood by the heart."Set a budget.Be clear how much you want to spend on each person and stick to it!Make a list.Make a detailed list of the people you need to buy gifts for--this will ease your panic and help you avoid the embarrassment of realising you completely forgot about your sister-in-law again.Research gifts online.Not only can this provide inspiration, but comparison sites will tell you where to get the best deals.Shop online.You can pretty much buy anything and everything you could want online. Many businesses offer next day delivery and discounts are offered online that are not available in-store.Use your credit card.Purchases made on your credit card are insured against theft, loss and damage.Stagger your shopping.If you start buying your presents a few months in advance--say one present a month--both your wallet and your stress levels will thank you for taking the pressure off. /200812/57802Wedding Veil摘要:为什么在西方的结婚庆典上,新娘至始至终都戴着面纱?下面的解释可以回答你。Why does the wedding veil cover the bride's face throughout the ceremony in the West? The explanations below are some of the reasons for you.The custom of the wedding veil should predate wedding dress by centries.One of the explanations for this is that during the times of arranged marriages,the bride's face was covered until the groom was committed to her at the ceremony.So it would be too late for him to run off if he didn't like her face.And there is another explanation that the veil was worn to protect the bride from evil spirits that may be floating around her at wedding ceremony. /200905/69658

  To see what patterns of behavior most Americans consider "normal", I asked an ad agency--whose researchers are experts in uncovering consumer buying habits and motivation--to tell me how Americans wash their hair, go to bed, change a tire. In some instances, the results are entirely predictable; in others, downright surprising. Four times as many men as women hug their spouse first thing when they walk in the door after work. When no one's around, men are also more likely to drink straight from a carton or bottle. And they're more likely to salt food without tasting it first.There are some other glaring male/female differences. Who'd have guessed women are more likely to squeeze the toothpaste tube from the middle--or worse, from the top!Although both men and women swear an average of 16 times a day (much more if we have kids), courtesy lives in America. Most men let women get off the elevator before them. When it comes to opening the car door for the opposite sex--a sign of chivalry--a full 70% of men usually do. And most people acknowledge a sneeze: only 13% remain mute. (Most folks prefer "God bless you.")It's on the road where we really demonstrate good manners. If upset with another driver, 54% of us do nothing. Less-popular responses: shouting dirty words (17%), making angry gestures (16%), and the rest: flashing our lights.When it comes to changing a tire, we're fairly self-reliant. More than a third of female road warriors would tackle it themselves, although 6% of female drivers with a flat confess they'd simply stand there and "look pathetic and hope someone would help." But before chests are puffed out thish manly pride, consider this: twice as many men as women hail a cab for a trip of less than two blocks.We're lazy in other areas too. 90% of us use an alarm clock to wake up in the morning. Most of us rarely change our answering-machine message, and almost a quarter of us slip into our shoes without untying them. And while more than one out of then shop for Christmas year-round, 22% of men and 9% of women putting off until the last day or two.Americans are compulsive about cleanliness. Almost half of us change the toweles daily or after every shower. On the other hand, 21% of us don't make the bed every day--and 5% admit they never do!There's a lot of diversity out there. So, whatever you prefer, remember there's always someone else on this planet just like you. /200902/63338赞扬比加薪更重要It is often said that politeness costs nothing. In fact, it seems that a little more courtesy could save businesses pound;5billion every year.Frequently hearing the phrase "thank you" or "well done" means the same to staff as a modest pay rise, researchers say.Praise and encouragement also makes employees more likely to work hard and stay in their jobs, saving on the cost of finding replacements.A third of 1,000 workers surveyed by consulting firm White Water Strategies said they did not get thanked at all when they did well - and a further third said they were not thanked enough.In both cases, staff said they felt undervalued, meaning they were less likely to exert themselves and were more likely to look for employment elsewhere.The net result is around pound;5.2billion in lost productivity from employees who would raise their game if they felt more appreciated, White Water claimed.According to the company, praising staff has the same motivational kick as a 1 per cent pay rise - and works out much cheaper for bosses.Three out of four employees said that regular acknowledgement by their bosses was important to them, but only a quarter said they were actually given as much praise as they felt they needed.The survey found that those in blue-collar and manual jobs were less likely to be given any recognition for doing well.In regional terms, Scottish staff felt most undervalued. Four out of ten workers said they were never thanked and eight out of ten said they would like more praise.However, workers in the North-East are less impressed by being buttered up by the boss, as only 69 per cent said they felt the need to be told "well done" regularly.Older employees and women need the most reassurance, according to psychologist Averil Leimon, a director of White Water Strategies.She said that words of praise did more than create a pleasant place to work - they could even boost profits. 俗话说“礼多无所失(却得到一切)”。事实表明,对员工以礼相待每年能为公司节省50亿英镑的出。研究人员称,对于员工而言,经常听到“谢谢”或“做得好”等礼貌之辞与适度加薪具有同样意义。此外,赞扬和鼓励也能提高员工的工作积极性、并有利于稳定军心,从而能节省招聘成本。怀特#8226;沃特战略咨询公司对一千名员工开展了一项调查。调查结果显示,三分之一的受访员工称,即使他们工作表现出色,也没得到过老板的一句“感谢”;另有三分之一的人认为自己没有得到足够的感谢。这两类员工都觉得自己没得到足够的重视,这意味着他们的工作积极性很可能会降低,而且换工作的可能性增大。怀特#8226;沃特公司称,员工工作效率低下造成了约52亿英镑的损失。但如果员工感到倍受赏识,他们的工作积极性就会提高。怀特#8226;沃特公司称,赞扬员工与1%的加薪具有同样的激励作用,而且这对于老板来说也更加划算。调查显示,四分之三的员工称,经常得到老板的认可对于他们来说很重要;而仅有四分之一的人认为自己得到了应有的认可。调查发现,“蓝领”及手工劳动者的出色工作表现很少得到老板的认可。从地区来看,苏格兰员工最缺乏认可感。40%的员工称,他们从未得到过感谢,80%的人希望自己能得到更多表扬。然而,英国东北部地区的员工则没那么需要老板的赞扬,仅有69%的人希望老板经常表扬他们“干得好”。怀特#8226;沃特战略咨询公司总监、心理学家艾弗尔#8226;勒蒙说,年龄较大的员工和女性最需要这样的安慰。她说,老板赞扬员工不仅能让工作氛围更加愉快,甚至能提高公司的经济效益。 /200803/30496

  Several theories have been proposed for why religions and religious beliefs have evolved, but before now none of them have involved parasites.Previous theories have suggested that religions help enforce group cooperation. Another suggestion is that religious thoughts and practices are a side-effect of mental abilities that have evolved for other purposes. For example, prayer is a small step from our evolved ability to rehearse what we plan to say to someone who isn't physically with us right now.Crucially, none of these accounts can ily explain why the diversity of religions varies so much around the world. Brazil, for example, has 159 religions compared with Canada's 15, even though both countries are of comparable size.Now Corey Fincher and Randy Thornhill have tested the idea that religious diversity is a side-effect of the fragmentation of cultures that tends to occur in the face of increased threat from infectious disease.Fincher and Thornhill used the World Christian Encyclopedia and the Global Infectious Disease and Epidemiology Network to compare the sp of infections and religions across 219 countries. Their results were clear: in regions with a greater variety of infectious parasites, the diversity of religions also tends to be greater. This association held strong even after exploring the impact of other potential factors, such as differences in democratisation and histories of colonisation.The researchers say the association between religion and parasites occurs because reducing contact with outsiders can help protect against disease. In turn, when cultures fragment and groups avoid making contact with each other, more religions are likely to spring up."Although religion apparently is for establishing a social marker of group alliance and allegiance, at the most fundamental level, it may be for the avoidance and management of infectious disease," Fincher and Thornhill said. The pair also believe that the diversity of languages and parasites tends to co-vary across the globe for similar reasons. 一些探索宗教和宗教信仰的演变原因的理论已经有人提出了,但到现在为止还没有任何相关理论涉及寄生虫。以前的理论认为,宗教促进人类的团体合作。也有的认为,宗教思想和实践是人类用于其它目的所形成的心智能力的一种副作用。举例来说,祈祷来源于人们排练对不在身旁的人说话的内容。最重要的是,所有这些理论都不能解释世界上宗教多样性的原因。例如,巴西有159种类型的宗教,而加拿大却只有15种,即使这两个国家的面积大小相关不大。现在科里#8231;芬奇和兰蒂#8231;陶希尔已经实他们的想法:宗教的多样性是文明分散的一种副效应。而文明分散往往是因为面临来自传染病不断扩大的威胁产生的。利用世界基督教百科全书、全球传染病和流行病学网络,芬奇和陶希尔在219个国家内对传染病传播与宗教传播进行比较。其结果是明确的:在传染性寄生虫种类繁多的区域,宗教的多样性也往往会更明显。这种联系对之后探讨其他潜在因素有很大的影响,如不同的民主化历程和不同的殖民统治历史。研究人员表示,宗教和寄生虫之间的关联是因为减少与外界接触可以帮助抵御疾病。反过来,当文明的片段或人类群体避免彼此接触,更多的宗教就有可能涌现。“虽然宗教表面是为团体同盟或忠诚建立一种社会标志,但根本上,它可能是为了避免和控制传染病, ”芬奇和陶希尔说。两人还认为,语言和寄生虫在世界各地的多样性可能出于同样的原因。 /200811/56479

  Human Rights 美国人对人权的看法 The time is 1905. A steamship sails on a vast ocean. "Daddy, will we ever get to America?" asks a weary lad. "Soon, my child, soon," his father replies. "We've been on this ship for weeks. I wish we were back home in Russia," complained the boy. "Son, you know how they persecute Jews there. We can never go back," the father reminded him. "Will things be better in America?" the young boy asked. "I hope so," his father sighed. "Look! The Statue of Liberty!" the boy shouted. "Just like in the picture!" His father smiled. "Yes, my son," he said. "I think she's waving to us." 时间是在一九○五年,一艘汽船航行在浩瀚的大海上。「爹地,我们到底到不到得了美国啊?」一个小男孩疲惫地问道。「快到了,我的孩子,快到了。」他的父亲回答。「我们已经坐了好几个礼拜的船了,我真希望我们现在是在苏俄的家里。」男孩抱怨着。「孩子,在那儿他们怎么迫害犹太人,你是知道的,我们绝对不能回去。」这位父亲提醒着他。「在美国情况会比较好吗?」小男孩问道。「希望如此。」他的父亲叹气道。「你看!自由女神!」男孩喊着:「跟图片里的一模一样!」他的父亲微笑着说:「是啊,孩子。我想她正向我们招手呢。」 America has long been a haven for immigrants from around the world. Until the 19th century, the majority of immigrants were from northern Europe. By the mid-20th century, they were coming from all over the globe. In recent years, scores of refugees from Southeast Asia and Latin America have fled to American shores. Why? To find a sanctuary--a place where human rights are respected. 美国长久以来一直是世界各地移民们的避难所, 在十九世纪之前, 移民主要来自北欧. 到了二十世纪中期, 移民则来自全球各地. 近几年来, 很多来自东南亚和拉丁美洲的难民都逃往美国. 这是为什么呢? 为了要寻找一个避难所 -- 尊重人权的地方. The American idea of respecting human rights came from several sources. First, the colonists had been persecuted and deprived of their rights in the Old World. They realized that people's rights must be preserved. Moreover, the Bible and literature from Greece and Rome taught that people are born with basic rights. English writer John Locke emphasized that governments should protect these rights. As a result, the Declaration of Independence reflected the belief that God created all people equal. The U.S. Constitution included 10 amendments to guarantee citizens' basic rights. This "Bill of Rights" promised freedom of religion, freedom of speech and of the press, the right to bear arms and the right to a fair trial. 美国人尊重人权的概念有几个起源。首先,移民们在欧洲的旧世界中曾被迫害并被剥夺权利,因此他们深觉保护人权的必要。再者,圣经以及希腊罗马文学中都教导他们人类与生俱来的一些基本权利。英国作家约翰?洛克强调政府应保障人民这些权利。于是,独立宣言中便反映出神造世人、生而平等的意念。美国宪法中包含了十项保障国民基本人权的修正案,这些权利法案承诺给予人民信仰的自由、言论及新闻的自由、拥有武器的权利,以及拥有公平审判的权利。 Throughout American history, the belief in individual human rights has influenced government policies and laws. Slavery opponents argued that even slaves had rights as human beings. Finally, after the Civil War, slavery was outlawed. As industries developed, many people protested the poor working conditions. 纵观美国历史,尊重个人人权的信念一直影响着政府的政策和法律。反黑奴政策者认为甚至连奴隶都该拥有作为人的基本权利。终于在美国南北战争之后,法律便禁止奴隶制度的存在。随着工业的发展,很多人抗议不良的工作条件。 Eventually, laws were passed guaranteeing workers fair wages and working hours and prohibiting child labor. The Civil Rights Movement used human rights arguments in the fight against discrimination. Even today, U.S. trade relations with other countries depend on their having a positive human rights record. 最后,终于通过法案保障工人合理的工资、工时、并且禁用童工。在美国民权运动中,也以人权的基本论点来抗议各样的歧视和差别待遇。甚至在今天,美国与其它国家的贸易关系如何,也视对方是否拥有良好的人权记录而定。 Human rights have become a global concern. The cruelty of Nazi Germany illustrated the danger of not protecting human rights. As a result, the ed Nations was established in 1945 with a belief in the basic human rights of all people. Three years later, the UN adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. This document stated that "all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights." Later, groups like Amnesty International were formed to keep an eye out for human rights abuses wherever they occur. 人权已成为全球各国关注的焦点,德国纳粹党的残酷史实即说明了罔顾人权的危险。于是,联合国在一九四五年设立,该组织深信所有人类都应拥有基本人权。三年之后,联合国正式通过世界人权宣言。这一份文件提出「所有人类生而拥有尊严及权利的平等和自由」。稍后,国际特赦组织成立,以监督防止任何违反人权的事件发生。 Most nations in the world today would agree that human beings have basic rights. Of course, different countries have different perspectives about the issue. Some governments feel the need to restrict individual rights to protect the rights of society. They resent being forced to accept America's definition of human rights. But to Americans, no matter how you define the issue, people deserve to be treated like people. 今天,世界上大部分的国家都认同人类应拥有基本的权利。当然,不同的国家会用不同的角度来看这件事。有些政府觉得有必要以限制个人权利来保障社会权利;他们痛恨被迫接受美国的人权定义。然而对美国人而言,无论你如何定义这个主题,只要是人就应该以人的方式对待他。 /200804/33377。

  Girls who attend single-sex schools are more attracted to feminine looking boys, researchers have claimed.研究者声称,读女校的女生更偏好面容女性化的男性。The St Andrews University-led study suggested a girls-only education could have a "significant impact" on what the youngsters found attractive.苏格兰圣安德鲁斯大学进行的调查显示,女子学校的教育会对女生的审美标准带来明显的影响。Boys at all-male schools proved less susceptible to the effect, although the study found they did prefer the company of boys with more masculine faces.而男校学生对女性面容的偏好并没有受到太大影响,但是他们更倾向与长相更具男子气慨的人交朋友。The effect was weakened if children had siblings of the opposite sex at home.不过,如果学生家庭里有异性的兄弟,那么这种影响就会减弱。The research team said the results suggested a person's "visual diet" influenced what they thought was attractive.研究小组称,一个人的“视觉口味的偏好”会影响他对于新引力的判断。They asked 240 children, aged 11-15, attending co-educational and single-sex schools, to rate faces in terms of attractiveness. 研究人员对240名年龄在11至15岁之间的接受混校和分校教育的学生进行了研究,让他们对不同面容的“吸引力”进行打分。It suggested female pupils at single-sex schools, compared with those at mixed schools, had a significantly stronger preference for facial femininity in both male and female faces.结果显示,女校的学生和上混校的学生相比,更喜欢女性特征明显的男性以及女性。Dr Tamsin Saxton, who led the study, said: "Interestingly, the weakest effect of 'visual diet' was in relation to boys' judgments of girls' faces. "组织这项研究的汤姆森·萨克斯顿士表示,有趣的是,男生们对女性面容的评价甚少受到“视觉口味的偏好”的左右。"This might be because femininity is such an over-riding cue to female facial attractiveness, or perhaps because even at a single-sex school, boys see more female faces around them, in their teachers and so on."“这可能是由于女性特征面容的特点更为明显,或者是由于对男校学生来说,他们身边有更多的女性面容,比如他们的老师等等。”Previous studies have suggested women tend to prefer men with feminine faces such as Leonardo DiCaprio or Jude Law for long-term relationships.以往进行的调查显示,女性更愿意与面容有女性气质的男性建立长久的关系,比如莱昂纳多·迪卡普里奥和裘·德洛。 /200909/83143

  英国科学家周三(6月18日)宣布,雌性黑猩猩在交配时通常都会保持安静,否则闻声而来的雌猩猩会惩罚她们,因为她们抢走了最好的雄猩猩。 Female chimps(lt;非洲gt;黑猩猩) keep quiet during sex to keep other females from finding out and punishing them for mating with the best males, British researchers said on Wednesday.The study of chimp copulation(交配) calls also found that females seem more concerned with having sex with as many mates as possible rather than just finding the strongest male as a way to confuse paternity (父亲,父亲的身份)and secure future protection for offspring."They are trying to make the high-ranking males think they are the father," said Simon Townsend, an evolutionary psychologist at the University of St. Andrews in Britain, who led the study. "If you confuse paternity, they are more likely to provide that female with future support."The findings show that chimps -- our closest living relatives -- can use their calls flexibly in response to social factors while knowing more about the apes could help in conservation efforts, he added.Researchers have long been interested in mating calls of different animals, especially primates (灵长类). A common hypothesis is that females use such calls to advertise to prospective males they are y to mate, which in turn incites competition that leads to the strongest partner and highest quality offspring(后代).But it appears the female chimps are also a touch more savvy(了解)about the opposite sex, according to the findings published in the journal PLoS One."The female chimps we observed in the wild seemed to be much more concerned with having sex with many different males, without other females finding out about it, than causing males to fight over them," Townsend said.The team, which included researchers from the Max Planck Institute in Lepzig, took urine samples from females in a group of about 80 chimps under observation in the Budongo Forest in Uganda able to show when the animals were fertile.They also recorded the mating behavior and saw that the female chimps called out for sex partners for as many as 12 days during their reproductive cycle, even though they were only fertile for about 4 days of it.Yet they also only called out about a third of the time when mating, much less than other primates. Low-ranking females were also more likely to keep quiet during sex, probably to keep female competitors at bay, the researchers said. /200806/42589

  The Supper Club, San Francisco, Calif. 晚餐俱乐部 (圣弗朗西斯科,加利福尼亚州)   Designed to enlighten all five of your senses, this 11,000-square-foot Dutch restaurant is unlike any other dining experience you will encounter. After being tucked into your bed/dinner table for your meal by a performance artist/waiter, you’ll spend four hours dining and being serenaded by drag queens (and kings), getting rubdowns from a masseur, and wowed by acrobats.   走进这间占地11000平方英尺的荷兰餐馆,你的五个感觉器官都会被调动起来,因为它与你去过的其他餐馆都截然不同。在被装扮成演员的务生领到餐位后,你会在这里度过4个小时的时光,吃饭的同时,耳边回响着小夜曲,享受着务,还可以观看杂技表演。 /200909/84990

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