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明星资讯腾讯娱乐2017年10月23日 12:04:44
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Google has invested in taxi firms, smart thermostats and even artificial intelligence but it is also setting its sights on immortality - or at least increasing our lives five-fold。谷歌的投资项目不但囊括出租车公司、智能恒温器甚至人工智能程序,他们还开始研究“长生不老”,或者说,如何能让我们的寿命至少延长五倍。In an interview with Bloomberg, Google Ventures#39; president Bill Maris said he thinks it#39;s possible to live to 500 years old。谷歌风投的执行董事比尔·马里斯在接受彭通讯社的采访时说:“人类是有可能活到500岁的。”And this will be helped by medical breakthroughs as well as a rise in biomechanics。这一目标的实现将借助于医学方面的突破和生物力学的崛起。He has aly ploughed money into genetics firms and cancer diagnostic startups and said: #39;We have the tools in the life sciences to achieve anything that you have the audacity to envision. I just hope to live long enough not to die.#39;马里斯已经投资了研究基因遗传的公司和肿瘤诊断公司,他说:“我们能通过生命科学的方法实现任何你能想象到的事情。我只希望能活得更久,不想死去。”Mr Maris founded Google Ventures in 2009 and oversees all of the fund’s global activities。2009年,马里斯建立了谷歌风投,并监管着全球的投资活动。He studied neuroscience at Middlebury College and conducted neurobiology research at Duke University。马里斯曾在米德尔伯利学院学习神经科学专业,并在杜克大学进行神经生物学研究。Elsewhere he has advised Aurolab in the development of a hydrophobic acrylic lens for cataract blindness, and helped develop Google’s Calico project。马里斯还在Aurolab公司为白内障盲开发防水丙烯酸眼球水晶体的过程中提供建议,同时推动谷歌Calico项目的发展。Calico is a research and development company set up in 2013 by Google and Apple to tackle #39;ageing and associated diseases.#39;2013年,谷歌和苹果公司建立了Calico研究与开发公司,致力于研究“衰老与相关疾病”。Google co-founder Larry Page said the project would focus on #39;health, wellbeing and longevity#39; and last September Calico partnered with AbbVie to open a research centre into neurodegeneration and cancer。谷歌的共同创始人拉里·佩奇 说,这个项目专注于“健康、幸福与长寿”。去年9月,Calico与艾维公司合作开办了一个神经退化与癌症研究中心。Although these firms are focused on extending life naturally, there is also a group that believes machines will be the key to extending out lives beyond 120 - an age that has been ed as the #39;real absolute limit to human lifespan#39;。这些公司专注于用自然的方式延长人类寿命,但还有一群人相信机械是将寿命延长至120岁以上的关键,因为120岁可以说是“人类最长寿命的绝对极限”。Google#39;s director of engineering, and colleague of Mr Maris, Ray Kurzweil has previously said that in just over 30 years humans will be able to upload their entire minds to computers and become digitally immortal - an event called singularity。谷歌技术总监雷·库兹韦尔曾预言,在未来30年,人类能够把他们的大脑上传至电脑从而实现永生,这个过程称为“奇点”。At the Global Futures 2045 International Congress in New York last year, Mr Kurzweil claimed that the biological parts of our body will be replaced with mechanical parts and this could happen as early as 2100.去年,在纽约举行的全球未来2045国际会议上,库兹韦尔称,最快在2100年,机械肢体将代替人类的生物肢体。 /201503/363759

Anita Chanko could not sleep. At 4 a.m., on an August night in 2012, she settled onto the couch in her Yorkville living room with her dog, Daisy, and her parrot, Elliott, and flipped on the DVR. On came the prior night’s episode of “NY Med,” the popular real-life medical series set at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital, starring Dr. Mehmet Oz. Mrs. Chanko, 75, was a fan of the show and others like it.2012年8月的一天夜里,安妮塔·钱科(Anita Chanko)失眠了。凌晨4点,她窝在自己位于约克维尔的家中客厅里的沙发上,在宠物黛西(Daisy)和鹦鹉埃利奥特(Elliott)的陪伴下,打开了DVR(数字视频录像机)。电视上播放的是前一晚的《纽约医务组》(“NY Med”),这是一部大受欢迎的医务纪实系列片,拍摄地点是纽约长老会医院(NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital),领衔主角是穆罕默德·奥兹(Mehmet Oz)医生。75岁的钱科女士是这部片子的忠实观众,十分喜欢看。“It starts off, there’s a woman with stomach cancer and her family, and then there’s somebody with a problem with their baby, I think it was a heart,” she remembered. “And then I see the doctor that treated my husband.”“片子开始了,先是一个患有胃癌的女子和她的家人,然后是某人和他们生病的孩子,我想是心脏的毛病吧,”她回忆道。“再然后,我看到了曾经抢救过我丈夫的那名医生。”Mark Chanko, her husband, died 16 months earlier, in April 2011, after being struck by a sanitation truck while crossing a street near his home. The doctors and nurses at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center tried in vain to save his life.16个月前的2011年4月,她的丈夫马克·钱科(Mark Chanko)在他们家附近过马路时被环卫车撞了,纽约长老会医院/威尔康奈尔医学中心(Weill Cornell Medical Center)的医生和护士们竭尽全力想要挽救他的生命,却没能成功。马克最后还是因为这起事故去世。On the TV screen, she saw a chief surgery resident, Sebastian Schubl, responding to an emergency in which a man is hit by a vehicle. “And then I see, even with the blurred picture, you could tell it was him,” she said. “You could hear his speech pattern. I hear my husband say, ‘Does my wife know I’m here?’ ”电视屏幕上,外科总住院医师塞巴斯蒂安·舒布尔(Sebastian Schubl)正在应对一起急诊,一名男子被车撞了。“接着我就看到了我的丈夫,尽管画面经过了模糊处理,但仍足以分辨出那就是他,”钱科太太说。“你可以听出他说话的方式。我听到他说:‘我妻子知道我在这里么?’ ”There was no doubt in her mind: The blurred-out man moaning in pain was her husband of almost 46 years, the Korean War veteran she met in a support group for parents without partners.至此她的心中再无疑问:这个影像模糊、痛苦呻吟的男子,正是与自己相伴近46年的丈夫,那个她当初在单身父母(parents without partners)后援小组里遇到的韩战退伍军人。“I hear them saying his blood pressure is falling. I hear them getting out the paddles and then I hear them saying, ‘O.K., are you y to pronounce him?’ ”“我听到他们说他的血压正在下降,听到他们拿出心脏除颤器,然后有人说:‘就这样吧,准备好宣布死亡了吗?’ ”She clenched her fists so tightly that “the palms of my hands almost looked like stigmata” and her mouth got so dry that her tongue stuck to the roof “as if I had just eaten a whole jar of peanut butter.”她不由攥紧了拳头,以至于“手掌上都是红色斑痕”;她感到口干舌燥,舌头粘在上颚,“就好像刚刚吃下了一整罐花生酱。”“I saw my husband die before my eyes.”“我看着我的丈夫在我眼前死去。”No one in the Chanko family had given “NY Med” permission to film Mr. Chanko’s treatment at the hospital or to broadcast the moments leading up to his death.钱科一家从未许可《纽约医务组》拍摄钱科先生在医院的治疗过程,或是向公众播放他去世前的情形。Such moments — indeed, all of the intimate details of a person’s health — are supposed to be shared only with a patient and whomever they designate, under a federal law known as Hipaa.根据联邦法律HIPAA(《健康保险隐私及责任法案》)的规定,这样的时刻——事实上,应该说是所有关乎个人健康的私密细节——应该仅限于伤患及其指定的人选才有权了解。In the 18 years since the law was passed, doctors and hospitals have put in place an ever-expanding list of rules meant to protect patient privacy. Yet even in the face of this growing sensitivity, real-life shows like “NY Med” have proliferated, piggybacking off fictional counterparts like “E.R.,” “Grey’s Anatomy” and “House.”自这项法律通过18年以来,医生和医院建立起了越来越多的规则,旨在保护伤患的隐私。然而,即使在人们正变得更加敏感的情况下,借着《急诊室的故事》(“E.R.”)、《实习医生格蕾》(“Grey’s Anatomy”)和《豪斯医生》(“House”)等虚构医务剧的热播之势,《纽约医务组》之类的医务纪实片也层出不穷。Medical ethicists and groups like the American Medical Association worry that these shows exploit patients’ pain for public consumption, but their makers argue that they educate viewers and inspire people to choose careers in medicine.美国医学协会(American Medical Association)等团体和医疗伦理学家担心这些节目是在利用伤患的痛苦供大众消费,但这些节目的制作人则辩解他们是在教育观众,并激励人们选择医学相关的职业。“We have heard many stories of people who were inspired to go to medical school, to become nurses or paramedics, or to head into particular specialties like trauma or transplant surgery after watching our show,” Terence Wrong, executive producer of “NY Med,” said in an email. (He declined to discuss Mr. Chanko’s case or to be interviewed for this article.)《纽约医务组》的执行制片人特伦斯·朗(Terence Wrong)在电子邮件中写道:“我们已经听说过很多这样的事例:人们受我们节目的启发,考取了医学院,成为护士或医务辅助人员,或是钻研起创伤或外科移植手术等特殊专业。”(他拒绝谈论钱科先生的案例,也不愿意就本文接受采访。)Hospitals like NewYork-Presbyterian, meanwhile, have seized upon such programs as a way to showcase themselves, vying to allow TV crews to film their staff and patients — even emergency-room patients sometimes in no condition to give permission. When the first season of “NY Med” was broadcast on A in 2012, the hospital’s vice president of public affairs at the time, Myrna Manners, told PR Week, “You can’t buy this kind of publicity, an eight-part series on a major broadcast network.” (A second season, also based at the hospital, ran over the summer and garnered more viewers than the first. A has not announced whether another season is planned.)另一方面,纽约长老会医院等医疗机构也想要以此类节目作为展示自己的窗口,忙不迭地许可电视台的摄制组来拍摄自己的工作人员和伤患——甚至有时还涉及急诊室接诊的情况危重、根本无法自己表示是否许可拍摄的伤患。2012年,“纽约医学”的第一季在美国广播公司(A)播出,该医院当时主管公众事务的副院长米尔纳·曼纳斯(Myrna Manners)告诉《公关周刊》(PR Week):“在主流传媒网络上播放的八集系列片,这可是花钱也买不到的宣传。”(该剧的第二季在夏季播出,它也是在这家医院拍摄的,并吸引了比第一季更多的观众。A尚未宣布是否计划制作第三季。)For the Chankos, the episode of “NY Med” added a coda of anger to more than a year of grief. Their daughter, Pamela Chanko, 46, said seeing the specifics of her father’s injuries and his death on TV sent her spiraling back into clinical depression. “It just sent me straight back to square one,” she said.但对于钱科一家,这一集《纽约医务组》却是给他们一年多来的悲伤加上了个愤怒的尾声。他们的女儿,46岁的帕梅拉·钱科(Pamela Chanko)表示,因为从电视上看到父亲受伤和死亡的细节,她的临床抑郁症复发了。她说:“这就好像直接把我丢回了原点。”Kenneth Chanko, 57, Mr. Chanko’s son, filed complaints with the hospital, the New York State Department of Health, A, a hospital accrediting group and the ed StatesDepartment of Health and Human Services’ civil rights office.钱科先生的儿子,57岁的肯尼思·钱科(Kenneth Chanko)向纽约长老会医院、纽约州卫生署(New York State Department of Health)、A、一个医院评定组织以及美国卫生与公众务局民权办公室(ed States Department of Health and Human Services’ civil rights office)提交了投诉。The show had caused him “great emotional distress and psychological harm,” he wrote in a complaint to the hospital. “I had to unnecessarily relive my father’s death at your hospital a second time, while knowing that the public at large was able to — and continues to be able to — watch my father’s passing, for the purposes of what can only be described as drive-by voyeuristic ‘entertainment.’ ”这节目给他造成了“巨大的精神痛苦和心理伤害”,他在给医院的投诉信中写道。“我不得不毫无必要地重温我的父亲在贵院去世的情景,而我也知道,广大公众能够——并继续观看我父亲的过世,只是出于一种唯有被称为偷窥癖的性目的。”A quickly removed the segment involving Mr. Chanko from its website, DVDs and future viewings (although not from the promotional blurb for the episode, which still says, “Sebastian Schubl, a Dr. McDreamy-like young trauma surgeon, tries to save the day when a critically injured pedestrian struck by a vehicle is brought to the E.R.”). In 2013, the state cited the hospital for violating Mr. Chanko’s rights.A迅速从其网站、DVD和未来的节目安排中删除了与钱科先生有关的片段(但该集的宣传简介中仍然写道:“塞巴斯蒂安·舒布尔,一名像美梦先生(Dr. McDreamy,《实习医生格蕾》中的男一号)一样的年轻的创伤外科医生,试图挽救被车辆撞成重伤送往急诊部的行人。”)。在2013年,纽约州因长老会医院侵犯了钱科先生的权利而对其进行传讯。That was not enough for the Chankos, who sued A, NewYork-Presbyterian and Dr. Schubl for damages. An appellate panel recently dismissed the case, but the family has asked for that decision to be reviewed. Dr. Schubl and the hospital declined to comment for this article, citing the continuing litigation. A referred a reporter to Mr. Wrong’s statement.但这对于钱科一家来说还远不够,他们又起诉了A、纽约长老会医院和舒布尔医生,要求他们赔偿损失。日前,受理上诉的小组驳回了此案,但钱科一家已要求对该决定进行复审。舒布尔医生和医院均以诉讼仍在继续为由拒绝了本文的置评请求。A则让一名记者引述了朗先生的声明。In court filings, the hospital and A do not dispute that they did not have consent from Mr. Chanko or his family, but they say the patient is not identifiable to the public. The network has asserted that because “NY Med” is produced by its news division, it is protected by the First Amendment. Lawyers for NewYork-Presbyterian have argued that the state does not recognize a common law right to privacy and that any privacy right Mr. Chanko did have ended upon his death. They say that the Chankos themselves are responsible for their loss of privacy.在法庭文件中,医院和A均不否认他们未征得钱科先生及其家属的同意,但他们声称他们已经对片子进行过处理,使普通公众无法辨认出伤患身份。此外,A坚称,《纽约医务组》由其新闻部门制作出品,受《宪法第一修正案》(First Amendment)的保护。纽约长老会医院的律师也主张,该州并未确立承认隐私权的普通法,且在钱科先生死亡后,他的所有隐私权也已随之终结。他们认为,会丧失隐私权是钱科一家自己的责任。“There would today still be no identification of the patient or his family but for the latter’s publication via this lawsuit,” a brief for the hospital says.简言之,该医院认为:“如果不是后来因为这场官司造成的内情披露,直到今天普通观众也不会知道伤患或其家属的身份。”The day Mr. Chanko was hit by a private garbage truck had been entirely forgettable, his wife said. “If I had a diary, I’d leave the page blank.”钱科太太说,她一直刻意遗忘丈夫被私营垃圾车撞倒的那一天。“如果我写日记的话,我会把那一页留白。”They arrived home past 11 p.m. after spending a few days at their second home in Goshen, Conn., in Litchfield County. As they unloaded their luggage, Mr. Chanko looked in the refrigerator and noticed they were out of milk and bananas. He decided to run across York Avenue, in the Yorkville section of Manhattan, to a deli.那天他们离开逗留数日的位于康涅狄格州利奇菲尔德县歌珊地市的另一处住宅,回到家时已经超过晚上11点了。待放下行李之后,钱科先生看了看冰箱,发现牛奶和香蕉都吃光了,于是他决定穿过曼哈顿约克维尔区的约克大道到一家熟食店去。After Mr. Chanko had been gone a few minutes, the building doorman buzzed up and asked Mrs. Chanko to come downstairs. Not understanding the urgency, she said she would be down in a bit.钱科先生出门后才几分钟,大楼的门卫就通过蜂鸣器呼叫钱科太太,叫她下楼一趟。当时她完全没意识到事情有多紧迫,随口回答说自己一会儿就下去。The doorman buzzed again. Moments later, the doorbell rang. When she answered, a longtime neighbor grabbed her arm. “Anita, you have to come with me,” she recalled the neighbor as saying. “Mark needs you. He’s been hurt.”门卫再次呼叫了她。不久,门铃也响了。她过去应门,一个老邻居一把抓住了她的胳膊。“安妮塔,快跟我来,”她记得那位邻居这样说道。“马克需要你。他受伤了。”When she got downstairs and walked outside, Mrs. Chanko saw an ambulance and her 83-year-old husband on a gurney, his head bandaged. The neighbor drove her to NewYork-Presbyterian. There, she watched as the medical team hurriedly pushed the gurney carrying her husband near the emergency room.她下楼走了出去,看到一辆救护车,她83岁的丈夫躺在轮床上,头部缠着绷带。邻居开车将她送到了纽约长老会医院。在那里,她看着医务人员急匆匆地将载着她丈夫的轮床推到急诊室附近。“I rushed up because I wanted to run alongside him and just hold his hand and reassure him and say, ‘You’ll be OK,’ ” she said. The doctor said no. “That would have been my last chance to even say something to him.”“我冲了上去,因为我想要跟在他身边,握着他的手,安慰他说:‘你会没事的,’ ”钱科太太说。但医生不许。“这是我最后一次有机会跟我的丈夫说话。”Mr. Chanko was initially alert and awake, and able to respond to questions, medical records show. But he was in bad shape: His pelvis had been broken in several places, as had his left femur. The skin was ripped off his right leg.病历显示,钱科先生起初还是警觉和清醒的,并能对问题做出反应。但他的情况确实很糟:骨盆和左股骨都有多处骨折。右腿的皮肤也被撕剥开来。Outside the operating room, doctors and nurses could not detect Mr. Chanko’s pulse and resuscitated him. In the operating room, he became more unstable, medical records show. Twice more they tried to bring him back. He was pronounced dead at 1:17 a.m.手术室外,医生和护士检测不到钱科先生的脉搏,对他实施了心肺复苏。病历显示,进入手术室后,他的状态变得更加不稳定了。他们多次试图将他抢救回来。但钱科先生还是在凌晨1:17被宣布死亡。Dr. Schubl and a social worker walked into the conference room, where the family was waiting, and shut the door.舒布尔医生和一名社工一起走进了家属们一直等候着的会议室,关上了门。“I did everything I possibly could,” Dr. Schubl told them. “Unfortunately, he did not survive. I am sorry.”“我们已经尽力了,”舒布尔医生告诉他们。“不幸的是,他没能撑过来。请节哀顺变。”The family did not know until the episode was broadcast that a camera was focusing on the closed door of the room where they had gathered and that audio of Dr. Schubl was being recorded.直到那期节目播出后,这家人才知道,就在他们齐聚的那个房间里,有个摄像头正对着那扇紧闭的房门,舒布尔医生所说的话都被录了下来。Afterward, on the episode, Dr. Schubl turned to the camera and said: “Rough day. Rough day.”在那一集片子里,后来舒布尔医生将脸转向了摄像头,说道:“真是艰难的一天呐。”“It was the last clip before the commercial,” Mrs. Chanko said, “or as I put it, ‘Watch this man die, now we’re going to sell you some detergent.’ ”“这是播放广告前的最后画面,”钱科太太说,“要让我说,他们这样是想表达,‘看完这男子的惨死,现在我们可以卖给你们洗涤剂了。’ ”According to PR Week, the public affairs staff at NewYork-Presbyterian contacted Mr. Wrong in 2008, eager to bring one of his shows to the hospital. Mr. Wrong had completed two shows based at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore and was working on another in Boston. After three years of trying, production began in 2011 at two campuses of NewYork-Presbyterian: Weill Cornell on the Upper East Side and Columbia University Medical Center in Washington Heights (some filming also took place at Lutheran Medical Center in Brooklyn). But two months into filming the first season, Mr. Wrong later told The Philadelphia Daily News, “Weill Cornell was just not delivering enough traumas.” To capture more drama and action for “NY Med,” he said he signed contracts with other emergency rooms and began keeping graphers in NewYork-Presbyterian’s emergency room at Weill Cornell 24 hours a day.《公关周刊》称,纽约长老会医院的公共事务人员曾在2008年联络朗先生,希望他能在该院拍摄节目。此前,朗先生已在巴尔的的约翰斯·霍普金斯医院(Johns Hopkins Hospital)拍摄完成了两部节目,当时正在波士顿拍摄另一部。经过三年的努力,2011年,节目终于在纽约长老会医院的两个校区:上东城的威尔康奈尔和华盛顿高地的哥伦比亚大学医学中心(Columbia University Medical Center)开拍(也有部分镜头在布鲁克林的路德会医疗中心[Lutheran Medical Center]拍摄)。但在第一季开拍两个月后,朗先生向《费城每日新闻》(Philadelphia Daily News)透露:“威尔康奈尔接诊的伤病不够多。”他说,为了给《纽约医务组》寻找更多剧情,自己已经与其他急诊室签约,并开始对纽约长老会医院在威尔康奈尔的急诊室进行每天24小时不间断的连续摄像。Mr. Wrong ended up with thousands of hours of footage, and the luxury of cutting any example that was not perfect, he told Capital New York last year. “You can be shut out of a critical moment that the case lacks emotional resonance without,” he said. “I will give you one of those: the ‘goodbye’ moment, it is the moment where a family says goodbye to their loved one going into surgery. If you don’t capture that moment, because a nurse shut the door on your camera’s face, you kill that piece. “朗先生告诉网络媒体Capital New York,去年他总共录制了数千小时的素材,但有幸剪出来的样片也都不理想。“如果你在关键时刻被拒之门外,案例就失去了情感上的共鸣,”他说。“举个例子:‘告别’时刻,也就是家属对他们将要上手术台的心爱之人说再见的时刻。如果护士把你的摄像机拒之门外,你就捕捉不到那一刻,整个案例就毁掉了。”Some of the patients and families captured by Mr. Wrong’s cameras have no complaints. “I think they were honest in their portrayal of our family and the love that we had and the concerns that any average family would go through when faced with this type of surgery,” said Dara van Dijk, whose mother’s heart valve operation was featured on the same episode as Mr. Chanko’s death. Ms. van Dijk did have one quibble: She was shown falling off a chair while meeting Dr. Oz in the episode. “In a million years, I didn’t think that they would show that,” she said.也有部分被朗先生的摄像机拍到的伤患和家属并无怨言。在录下钱科先生死亡的那一集节目中,还介绍了一位女士的心脏瓣膜手术,这位患者的女儿达拉·范戴克(Dara van Dijk)说:“我认为他们只是诚实地记录下了我们的家庭,我们的爱与忧虑,而这些是面对这种手术的任何普通家庭都要经历的。”不过,范戴克女士也不是完全没有牢骚:那一集有个镜头是她见到奥兹医生时从椅子上摔了下来。“我万万没想到他们会把这个片段也播了出来,”她说。Typically, hospitals have not received money in return for allowing medical reality shows to set up shop, and NewYork-Presbyterian is no exception, an A spokeswoman said in an email.A的女发言人在一封电子邮件中表示,通常情况下,医院不会因允许医务纪实片在本院拍摄而收到金钱报酬,纽约长老会医院也不例外。The real payoff for participating hospitals is distinguishing themselves at a time when other forms of promotion are no longer as effective, said Jennifer Coleman, the senior vice president of marketing and public relations for Baylor Scott amp; White Health, a large hospital system in Texas. Baylor self-produced a reality series about its cancer center and paid to broadcast it on local television. “Advertising is just so saturated right now,” she said. “You put your thumb over anybody’s ad and it’s just the same. That’s what people are trying to break through.” By participating in a major network program, she added, “They get that endorsement.”得克萨斯州的大型医疗机构Baylor Scott amp; White Health的市场营销和公共关系高级副总裁珍妮弗·科尔曼(Jennifer Coleman)指出:医院参与拍摄所能收获的真正回报在于:在这个其他形式的宣传推广都不再有效的时代里仍然能够一举成名。Baylor自己也录制了一系列关于其癌症中心的纪实片,并在当地电视台付费播出。“现在,广告已经严重饱和了,”她说。“如果你用拇指把别家的广告盖住,就会发现各家其实没什么区别,因此人们开始追求脱颖而出。”通过参加大型的网络节目项目,“他们得到了认可,”她补充道。Patients caught up in emergencies are especially vulnerable, posing special issues for reality shows. They may not be conscious or be able to speak for themselves; they may be quite literally exposed, as caregivers work to help them.陷入紧急状况的伤患身体尤其脆弱,这给纪实节目造成了特殊的问题。伤患们很可能已经失去了意识,或者无法表达自己的意见;为了方便医护人员的抢救工作,他们的身体也可能会有大面积的暴露。The American College of Emergency Physicians opposes “the filming for public viewing of emergency department patients or staff members except when they can give full informed consent prior to their participation,” yet show after show returns to the emergency room, drawn by the life-or-death stakes.美国急诊医师学会(American College of Emergency Physicians)反对“在急诊科的伤患和工作人员充分知情同意参与前就对他们进行拍摄并提供给公众观看”,然而,生死关头扣人心弦,驱使着一部又一部节目在急诊室里诞生。The New York Times Co. was sued for invasion of privacy in the early 2000s, by a group of patients in New Jersey who appeared in “Trauma: Life in the E.R.,” a series produced for Discovery’s Learning Channel. One appeals court ruled that the show qualified as news and deserved the same protections under the law. Many of the plaintiffs settled their cases individually, a lawyer for them said.21世纪初,新泽西的一群在探索传播(Discovery)学习频道的系列剧《创伤:急诊室里看人生》(“Trauma: Life in the E.R.”)中出镜的伤患就曾经起诉纽约时报公司(New York Times Co.)侵犯隐私。上诉法院裁定,该节目符合新闻标准,应该得到同样的法律保护。一名原告律师表示,许多原告后来都决定单独解决他们的案件。Mr. Wrong of “NY Med” said by email that he had not been sued over his medical shows before: “We put enormous behind the scenes effort into training our team and working in the medical environment.”《纽约医务组》的朗先生通过电子邮件称自己的医务纪实片此前从未受到起诉:“我们在幕后投入了巨大的努力,培训我们的团队要如何在医疗环境下工作。”Mr. Chanko’s family had aly settled a lawsuit against the private sanitation company whose truck backed over him by the time his widow saw the episode of “NY Med” featuring his case.当钱科太太看到《纽约医务组》中关于自己丈夫的案例那一集之前,钱科一家针对肇事卡车的业主——一家民营环卫公司的诉讼已经结案。A couple of hours after watching her husband die on TV, Mrs. Chanko called her daughter-in-law Barbara, a health care ethicist at the ed States Department of Veterans Affairs in Manhattan. Barbara Chanko, 55, remembers standing up in her office and saying, “If this happened, it’s got to be stopped.” When she watched the episode, she was shocked. “We protect patient privacy in everything we do,” she said. “I feel very betrayed by that medical staff for what they did.”在从电视上看到自己丈夫死亡经过的几小时后,钱科太太打电话给自己的儿媳,位于曼哈顿的美国退伍军人事务部(ed States Department of Veterans Affairs)的医疗伦理学家芭芭拉(Barbara)。55岁的芭芭拉·钱科记得自己当时站在办公室里说:“要是真的发生了这种事,必须加以制止。”在观看那集节目后,她十分震惊。“我们会想尽一切办法来保护伤患的隐私,”她说。“这些医务人员的所作所为让我觉得自己受到了背叛。”The Chankos’ son Eric Chanko, 53, a physician who works at a hospital in Ithaca, N.Y., said he, too, struggled to reconcile what he saw on the air with his own work. “They basically did everything that you’re taught in medical school not to do,” he said.钱科家的儿子,53岁的埃里克·钱科(Eric Chanko)是纽约州伊萨卡市的一名医生,他表示他也很难接受节目中自己同行的做法。“他们基本上把医学院里教的不该做的事情都做全了,”他说。In the aftermath of the broadcast, a lawyer for NewYork-Presbyterian tried to assure the family that no one could identify them from what was shown on TV. “Please be assured that your father’s and your family members’ images, likeness and other potentially identifying information were completely obscured in the episode,” the hospital’s associate general counsel, Caroline S. Fox, wrote in an emailed response to Kenneth Chanko’s complaint.节目播出一个月后,纽约长老会医院的一名律师向钱科一家保观众们绝对不可能从影片中辨认出他们的身份。该院的副总法律顾问卡罗琳·S·福克斯(Caroline S. Fox)在回复肯尼思·钱科投诉的电子邮件中写道:“请放心,节目对您父亲和您的家人的影像、肖像和其他潜在可能泄露身份的信息全都进行了模糊处理。”Yet a few weeks later, Mrs. Chanko said she received a call from a woman who used to work as a pet sitter for her and her husband. “She said to me, ‘Do you watch “NY Med?” #39; She said, ‘That was Mark, wasn’t it?’ She recognized him.”然而,钱科太太说,没出几周,一个曾担任她家宠物保姆的女子给她打电话。“她对我说:‘你看《纽约医务组》了么?那个不是马克么?’显然她认出了他。”Officials with the state’s health department concluded that NewYork-Presbyterian had violated Mr. Chanko’s rights and, indeed, its own privacy policy. “The patient was unaware and uninformed that he was being filmed and viewed by a camera crew while receiving medical treatment thus his privacy in receiving medical treatment was not ensured,” inspectors wrote in a citation released under New York’s Freedom of Information Law.纽约州卫生部门官员的结论是,纽约长老会医院侵犯了钱科先生的隐私权,实际上,他们还违反了他们自己的隐私政策。调查人员引用纽约的《信息自由法案》(Freedom of Information Law)称:“伤患在接受医护治疗时被摄制组拍摄和观察,未得到通知,也毫不知情,他在此期间的隐私没有保障。”New York regulators did not impose any sanctions on the hospital.纽约的监管机构并未对该医院施加任何制裁。Federal health officials are still reviewing whether NewYork-Presbyterian was obliged to get permission from Mr. Chanko or his family before allowing a TV crew to film him.联邦卫生官员仍在审查纽约长老会医院是否有义务在电视摄制组拍摄钱科先生之前先征得他或家人的许可。A State Supreme Court judge in Manhattan narrowed the Chankos’ lawsuit, but allowed some claims to proceed. In court filings, lawyers for the hospital and Dr. Schubl made the argument that the law prohibits medical professionals from sharing information about a patient only after he has been examined or treated. Because the “NY Med” film crew had shot during Mr. Chanko’s treatment, they claimed, it was legal.位于曼哈顿的纽约州最高法院的法官缩小了钱科一家的诉讼请求,但允许他们继续主张一部分权利。在法庭文件中,医院和舒布尔医生的律师声称,按照法律规定,只有在伤患得到检查或救治之后,才禁止医疗专业人员泄露伤患的信息。由于《纽约医务组》的摄制组是在钱科先生的治疗过程中拍摄的视频,所以完全合法。In November, an appellate panel issued a unanimous order dismissing the case. The conduct “was not so extreme and outrageous” to justify a claim of intentional infliction of emotional distress, the judges wrote. The doctor and hospital, the judges added, did not breach their duty to avoid disclosing personal information “since no such information” was disclosed.11月,受理上诉的小组一致裁定将此案驳回。法官写道,本案中被告的行为并不像原告声称的那样“极端、无耻”地故意导致受害人的情绪困扰。并补充道,医生和医院没有违背其避免泄露伤患个人信息的义务,因为他们并未披露“此类信息”。The family is working on an appeal. “If this ever got in front of a jury, I can’t imagine a jury not thinking a wrong was done to my father and to us,” Kenneth Chanko said. “Morally and ethically it’s not right, and I would also think that legally it can’t possibly be right.”钱科一家仍在努力上诉中。“如果这个案件真的能送到陪审团面前,我无法想象会有陪审团成员认为那些人对我父亲和我们所做的一切都是正当的,”肯尼思·钱科说。“从道义上和道德上这都是不对的,我相信从法律上讲也必将如此。”Asked what she would do if the case fails, Mrs. Chanko said the family would not stop pushing for redress. “If there’s no applicable law, there most certainly should be,” she said. “I’m willing to just pursue it all the way. Why shouldn’t there be a law against this kind of thing?”当被问及如果此案败诉她会怎么做时,钱科太太回答说他们一家不会放弃错误的纠正。“如果没有适用的法律,那么就该制定一部,”她说。“我愿意一直追求这一目标。为什么不该有部法律来防止这种事情的发生呢?” /201501/356000

As 2014 draws to a close, it’s time to look back and see which words have been significant throughout the past twelve months, and to announce the Oxford Dictionaries Word of the Year. Without further ado, we can exclusively reveal that the Oxford Dictionaries Word of the Year 2014 is….站在2014的尾巴上,是时候回顾一下在过去的12个月里最有影响力的单词,宣布其为年度牛津词典词王。我们可以当即宣布2014年度牛津词典单词仅属于……Vape吸电子烟Although there is a shortlist of strong contenders, it was vape that emerged victorious as Word of the Year.虽然有力的竞争者有一大单,年度单词的胜利还是归属于‘vape(吸电子烟)’。What does vape mean?Vape是什么意思?So, what does vape mean? It originated as an abbreviation of vapour or vaporize. The OxfordDictionaries.com definition was added in August 2014: the verb means ‘to inhale and exhale the vapour produced by an electronic cigarette or similar device’, while both the device and the action can also be known as a vape. The associated noun vaping is also listed.那么,vape是啥意思呢?它源于vapour(蒸汽)或vaporizer(蒸发)的缩写。其释义于2014年8月录入牛津词典网:动词的意思为“吸入或呼出电子烟亦或相似装置的蒸汽”,且装置和吸呼的动作也可被称作“vape”。相关名词vaping也被提名了。Why was vape chosen?为什么选择vape?As e-cigarettes (or e-cigs) have become much more common, so vape has grown significantly in popularity. You are thirty times more likely to come across the word vape than you were two years ago, and usage has more than doubled in the past year.随着电子烟(简写为e-cigs)越来越普及,吸电子烟也被变得越来越大众。你发现vape这个单词出现的频率比两年前高出30倍,也比去年用的频率翻了一倍。Usage of vape peaked in April 2014 – as the graph below indicates – around the time that the UK’s first ‘vape café’ (The Vape Lab in Shoreditch, London) opened its doors, and protests were held in response to New York City banning indoor vaping. In the same month, the issue of vaping was debated by The Washington Post, the B, and the British newspaper The Telegraph, amongst others.如下图显示,Vape的使用频率到2014年4月到达顶峰。英国的第一家”吸电子烟咖啡厅”(位于伦敦肖迪奇的“吸电子烟实验室”)在此时开张,针对纽约禁止室内抽电子烟的抗议也被发起。在同月,吸电子烟的问题被华盛顿邮报、B和英国电讯报及其他媒体争相讨论。The language of vapingvaping的语言Vape is also the modifier for other nouns, creating new compound nouns which are growing in popularity. The most common of these are vape pen and vape shop, and there is also recent evidence for vape lounge, vape fluid, vape juice, and others. Related coinages include e-juice, carto, and vaporium – as well as the retronym tobacco cigarette for traditional cigarettes. (A retronym is a new term created from an existing word in order to distinguish the original word from a later development – for example, acoustic guitar developing after the advent of the electric guitar.)Vape也是其他名词的修饰语,创建了越来越多的新流行的复合名词。其中最常见的是vape pen(钢笔改装的电子烟)和vape shop(电子烟商店),也有最近流行的vape lounge, vape fluid, vape juice等等。相关的新词汇包括e-juice, carto,和vaporium,还有传统香烟的返璞词烟草香烟。(返璞词就是从一个已有的词中创出一个新词,这是为了将原始词和随后的变形区分开来——举个例子,电子吉他出现后有了原声吉他。)Vape before vaping在vaping前的vapeYou may be surprised to learn that the word vaping existed before the phenomenon. Although e-cigarettes weren’t commercially available until the 21st century, a 1983 article in New Society entitled ‘Why do People Smoke?’ contains the first known usage of the term. The author, Rob Stepney, described what was then a hypothetical device:你会惊奇的发现单词vaping在此现象出现前已经存在了。虽然直到21世纪电子烟才能在市场上买到,在1983年,《新社会》上一篇题为“人们为何抽烟?”的文章第一次用到了这个单词。作者罗伯·斯特普尼解释了这个假想装置:“an inhaler or ‘non-combustible’ cigarette, looking much like the real thing, but…delivering a metered dose of nicotine vapour. (The new habit, if it catches on, would be known as vaping.)”“一只吸入器或者说“不可燃烟”看上去和真货没差,但是……输出了一定剂量的尼古丁蒸汽。(这个新嗜好,如果流行起来,就会被称为vaping。)”However, despite these early beginnings, Oxford Dictionaries research shows that it wasn’t until 2009 that this sense of vape (and vaping) started to appear regularly in mainstream sources.然而,尽管这个嗜好很早就有了,牛津词典调查研究显示直到2009年vape(和vaping)这个词才固定的出现在主流媒体中。 /201411/343964

  Sake to Me: The Art of Drinking Sake米酒于我:饮米酒的艺术Sake is a drink that has been made in Japan for thousands of years. All across Japan there are sake breweries, dozens of different brands, and sake festivals. And again, most regions have their own something special to contribute. So just what is sake and why is it so popular?米酒产于日本,已经有上千年的历史了。米酒厂遍布整个日本,有各种不同的品牌以及与米酒有关的节庆。而且大部分地区还有珍品威士忌可供品尝。那么米酒究竟是什么,又为什么如此流行呢?When most foreigners think of Japanese sake, they think “rice wine”. However, sake is an alcohol made from rice, but it is not a rice wine. Just like traditionally, vodka is made from potatoes and rum is made from sugar, well, sake, is made from rice.外国人所认为的日本酒就是指“米制酒”。然而,米酒是由大米做成的酒精饮料,但它并不是仅由大米制成。就像传统的,伏特加由土豆制成,朗姆酒由糖制成,米酒由大米制成。The process to make sake is actually very similar to the process used to make beer. The one special thing about sake, is something quite silly actually. What makes the process of brewing sake so unique, is that as the brewers are making it, they will sing. Yup, sing.制作米酒的程序和过去制作啤酒的程序非常相似。实际上,有关制作米酒的一个特别之处听起来似乎有些愚蠢。酿造米酒的独特之处在于:酿酒者在制作过程中会伴随着歌唱。对,就是唱歌。By singing in unison, it ensures that the brewing steps are carried out rhythmically and accurately. If you ever get to go on a sake tour, you will witness this unique process, which is really fun!大家齐声歌唱可以确保酿造步骤准确而又节奏。如果你有机会对米酒厂进行参观,你就会目睹这一有趣而又独特的酿造过程。Drinking sake, like most Japanese things, has an art to it.When you order sake it is usually served in a small carafe like container called a tokkuri, along with small cups called ochoko.像许多日本其它行为一样,喝米酒也很有讲究。米酒通常盛放在一个叫“托骨利”的小玻璃容器里,倒在一种叫“佛手瓜”的茶杯里饮用。If you’re drinking in Japan, it is typical that the subordinate person always pours for their superiors. Usually this is determined by age, job position, etc.– But don’t fret over trying to figure this out, because, trust me, if you’re aly living in Japan, you know what your status is.Otherwise just try to keep everyone’s cups full, but never pour for yourself.在日本喝米酒的习惯通常是晚辈给长辈斟酒。通常这种辈分关系由年龄、工作职位等决定。但是你完全不用为如何搞清这些关系而担心,相信我,如果你已经生活在日本,你一定会弄清自己属于哪个阶层的。如果实在搞不清楚就保持每个人的杯子是满的,唯独不要为自己斟酒。After someone has poured for you, take a small sip before putting it down. And remember, even though ochoko are small, they are not shot glasses. REPEAT! They are not shot glasses. So sit back, sip your sake slowly and enjoy it!如果有人给你倒酒,要尝一小口后再放下。同时,一定要记住尽管这种圆柱形小茶杯很小,但它并不是小酒杯。切记!它们不是小酒杯。所以,要坐下来,小口喝,慢慢品尝你的米酒。 /201507/384846

  A: Hey, good looking, wanna go on a romatic cruise?A:亲爱的,想不想来一场浪漫之旅B: Who would book us on a cruise?B:谁能帮我们预定这次巡航呢?A: The U.S.S. arkA:u.s.s方舟 /201504/370758。

  

  Fixed income最低收入。The amount a boxer receives to take a dive.一个拳击手假装被击倒拳数的数量。 /201505/373718

  Animals escape Georgian zoo格鲁吉亚动物园中的动物集体出逃Lions, tigers and even a hippopotamus escaped from a zoo in Tbilisi, Georgia, adding to chaos caused by severe flooding that killed at least 12 people.格鲁吉亚第比利斯近日遭遇严重洪水侵袭,造成至少12人死亡。洪水还导致当地一家动物园的数头狮子、老虎乃至一头河马逃走,令当地的混乱状况雪上加霜。Police were hunting down the animals.目前警方正在大力搜捕出逃动物。Tbilisi residents were warned to stay indoors while the zoo animals were still on the loose.第比利斯居民已收到警示,在出逃动物被全部抓回来之前不要出门。 /201506/380905

  The zodiac animal of China#39;s coming Lunar New Year has caused much confusion in the English world, as its translation results in at least two candidates: sheep or goat.  中国农历新年即将到来,但今年的生肖却让英语国家的人们感到非常困惑,因为它至少有两种英文翻译:绵羊或山羊。  Chinese folklorists say the animal symbol can be either a sheep or a goat but more likely goat, given the latter#39;s popularity as a farm animal among Han Chinese。  中国民俗学家表示,羊年生肖的象征物既可能是绵羊,也可能是山羊,但山羊的可能性更大,因为在汉族地区山羊作为家畜更为常见。  The Chinese lunar calendar assigns an animal symbol to each year in every 12-year cycle. Yet the Chinese character for the eighth zodiac animal is ;Yang;, which can refer to either of the two ruminants when used without attributes。  中国农历以十二年为周期,每年以一种动物作为象征。十二生肖中的第八个生肖是“羊”,而这个字在没有修饰限定语的情况下可指绵羊或山羊任意一种反刍动物。  Huang Yang, a prominent researcher on the role of sheep/goats in Chinese culture, says tracing the origin of the zodiacal Yang could be difficult, as the Chinese zodiac first appeared after the Shang Dynasty (1600-1046 ), when the Chinese people did not differentiate between sheep and goats in language or in sacrificial offering。  国内研究羊在中国文化中地位的知名学者黄洋称,追寻生肖羊的来历比较困难,因为此生肖最先出现在商朝(公元前1600-1046年)之后,而那时人们在语言和祭祀中是不区分绵羊和山羊的。  Both species have a long history of domestication in China and have appeared on oracle bone scripts and other artifacts since prehistoric times, according to Huang, who in 2012 challenged the saying that Chinese are ;descendants of the dragon; by arguing that the earliest Chinese actually worshipped the meek ruminants。  黄洋称,这两种动物在中国都有着较长的畜养历史,自史前时期开始,就已出现在甲骨文和其他手工艺品上了。黄洋曾在2012年质疑中国人是龙的传人,认为最早的中国人崇拜的是温顺的反刍动物——羊。  ;But if we judge from the fact that the Chinese zodiac is a Han tradition, Yang are more likely goats, which are more common livestock for the Han Chinese,; he tells Xinhua in a phone interview。  在接受新华社的电话采访时,他表示:“但如果我们基于生肖是汉族传统这个事实出发, 则‘羊’更可能指的是山羊,因为对于汉族人来说山羊是更为常见的家畜。”  Shaggy sheep are a common sight in north China#39;s prairies and were domesticated by Chinese earlier than goats, but goats are more commonly raised in areas populated by Han Chinese, Huang says。  他说,绒毛蓬松的绵羊在中国北方的大草原上很常见,其畜养的时间也比山羊要早,但在汉族聚居地山羊更为常见。  Images on China#39;s zodiac stamps and papercuttings are often bearded goats. The replica of the Yang bronze statue that once formed part of a zodiac fountain in the looted Old Summer Palace also has a goat head。  中国生肖邮票和剪纸上羊的形象往往都是带胡须的山羊。而惨遭洗劫的圆明园生肖喷泉一部分的青铜羊首复制品,也是山羊头。  Fang Binggui, a folklorist based in southeast China#39;s Fuzhou City, says the image of the zodiac Yang is open to regional interpretation. ;People depict the zodiac animal based on the most common Yang in their region. So it#39;s often sheep in the north while goats in the south.;  中国东南部城市福州的民俗学家方兵贵称,生肖羊的形象常有区域性的解释。他说:“人们基于当地最常见的羊来描绘生肖羊,所以在北方生肖羊往往是绵羊,在南方却是山羊。”  Few ordinary Chinese are troubled by the sheep/goat distinction。  很少有中国百姓因分不清绵羊和山羊感到困扰。  ;I#39;ve never thought about that question before. Do we have to tell them apart?; asks Chen Xufeng, an office clerk in Beijing。  北京白领陈旭锋说:“我以前从来没想过这个问题。我们有必要区分它们吗?”  ;I#39;ve seen more goats in zodiac images, but I prefer to buy a sheep mascot, as sheep are more fluffy and lovely,; he says。  他说:“在生肖图案里,山羊更常见,但我却更喜欢买绵羊吉祥物,因为绵羊毛茸茸的,非常可爱。”  However, the ambiguity has whipped up discussion in the West. A story run by the Associated Press said this year#39;s animal ;is subject to interpretation;。  然而,这个模糊不清的概念却在西方引发讨论。美联社刊文称,今年的生肖动物还有待解读。  ;We just had this discussion a few weeks ago. What exactly is it?; AP ed a worker in Brooklyn Chinatown as saying. ;It can be a ram, sheep or goat -- any ruminant mountain animal with horns.;  美联社援引布鲁克林唐人街一名上班族的话称:“我们几周前刚讨论过这个问题。今年的生肖到底是什么?它可以是公羊、绵羊或者山羊,只要是山上长角的反刍动物都有可能。”  In England, the Manchester Evening News also posed the question: ;Later this month, we will enter the Chinese Year of the Ram. Or should that be sheep? Or even Goat?;  英格兰《曼彻斯特晚报》也提出了这个问题:“月底我们就要跨入中国农历公羊年了,或者应该叫绵羊年?还是山羊年?”  Other media outlets, including Bloomberg, have described the coming Lunar New Year as the Year of the Sheep, Goat or Ram。  其他一些媒体包括彭社,也已把即将到来的农历新年称作绵羊、山羊或公羊年。  Xiang Daohua, a teacher of Chinese language and culture at China Foreign Affairs University, believes cultural connotations should be taken into consideration in translation。  北京外国语大学[微]中国语言文化学院教师向道华认为,翻译时应该考虑文化内涵的因素。  ;The English word #39;sheep#39; better fits the Yang image in traditional Chinese cultures, which is meek and even a bit weak,; he says。  他说:“英文单词‘sheep’(绵羊)更符合中国传统文化中羊温顺、甚至有点柔弱的形象。” /201502/359593

  

  

  Chinese women whoare entering South Korea seeking skilled plastic surgeons are undergoing suchtransformative procedures that they are struggling to get past airport securityon their way home.The extensivesurgeries, which can include reducing excess skin in the uppereyelid to make the eyes appear bigger and more #39;Western#39;, are transforming someChinese women#39;s entire faces, rendering them almost unrecognizable.To combat theissue, some hospitals have resorted to handing out #39;plastic surgery certificates#39;- which include the patient#39;s passport number, the name of the hospital theywere treated at and the length of their visit to South Korea - to enable thewomen to re-enter China.为了美丽,中国女性源源不断地涌向韩国,寻找技艺高超的整容医师。在回国的归途中,由于容貌与入境前反差巨大,致使他们无法通过机场安检。手术五花八门,包括能去掉上眼皮多出的皮肤,让眼睛变得更大更“西方化”,能改变一些中国女性整个面容,让他们变得几乎让人认不出来。为解决这一问题,一些医院采取发放“整容明”—— 明里标注着病人的护照号码,他们就医的医院名称,以及在韩国逗留时间长短,这才使得这些女士回到中国。Xu Yan, a21-year-old kindergarten teacher, pictured before (left) and after surgery(right). Xu underwent the V-line surgery, nose reconstructionsurgery and received Botox injections徐岩(音译),一名幼儿园老师,21岁。许进行了瘦脸手术,整鼻手术和肉毒杆菌注射,如图手术前和术后Yan Xu, a22-year-old broker, pictured before (left) and after surgery (right). She hadeyelid surgery, a nose job, and chin implants闫旭(音译),一名经纪人,22岁,她进行了双眼皮,鼻整形,下颌植入手术,如图手术前及术后。Liu Yisong, a26-year-old dance teacher, before (left) and after (right) her plastic surgery刘宜松(音译),一位舞蹈教师,26岁,整形前整形后.A 26-year-oldWuhan woman named Yumei Xie, who works as a jazz instructor, before (left) andafter (right) her extensive surgery一名叫于梅榭的26岁武汉爵士乐女教师,整形前整形后.Huang Silan, a20-year-old lounge singer, before (left) and after surgery (right)黄思兰,一名酒吧歌手,20岁,整形前整形后.Liu Yi, a 25-year-oldoffice manager for real estate sales, before (left) and after (right) surgery.Liu had double eyelid surgery and eyelash extensions刘毅,一个名房产销售经理25岁,他进行了双眼皮手术和睫毛延展,整形前整形后.Plastic surgery isnow such big business in South Korea that it is attracting thousands of clientsdaily from across the border in China.And the mostlyfemale clients return to China as#39;live adverts#39;for the South Korean surgeons.Before and afterphotos, which feature women who have undergone sometimes numerous procedures,have been drawing attention since they were posted on Chinese news sites.整形手术如今成了韩国一大产业,每日吸引着大批中国顾客前往。大多回到中国的女性变成了韩国整容界的“活广告”。经过数次整容后,整容前后对比照片在中国新闻网站上一经发布,就吸引了众多眼球。Zhang Cher, a27-year-old aspiring singer, pictured before (left) and after surgery (right)张彻,他的理想是想成为一名歌手,27岁,整形前(左)整形后(右).Yang Jiayi, a21-year-old clerk, before (left) and after (right) surgery. Yang had her eyeshape altered and received eyelash extensions杨佳怡,一名售货员,21岁,杨进行了割双眼皮和睫毛延展手术Wang Pingping, a24-year-old tour guide, pictured before (left) and after surgery (right). Sheunderwent surgery to change the shape of her face, as well as a nose job andeye reconstruction surgery王平平,一名导游,24岁。她接受了脸部整形,鼻整形和眼部整形手术,如图,手术前(左)和术后(右)。The photos, whichlist the type of procedures each woman has had - ranging fromBotox to rhinoplasty to jaw contorting - are accompanied by candid captionsdetailing the features each woman disliked about herself.For, example, LiuYisong, 26, a dance teacher from Chengdu, said she disliked her eye shape, herflat nose, her round face shape and narrow forehead. So she underwent a doubleeyelid operation, V-line surgery, nose reconstruction surgery and had collageninjections as well as a skin rejuvenation treatment.Meanwhile, WangPingping, a 24-year-old tour guide, underwent surgery to change her pear-shapedface. She had a nose job and eye reconstruction surgery.这些照片展现了每位女性都经历了哪些类型手术:有注射肉毒杆菌(注射)到鼻部整形、下颌整形,通过直白的说明,详细描绘出每位女性她自己不喜欢的部位。比如,这位26岁的刘宜松,一名来自成都的舞蹈老师,说,她不喜欢她的眼形,扁鼻子,圆脸蛋和窄额头。所以她接受了割双眼皮,瘦脸,鼻整形手术,以及肉毒杆菌注射和皮肤再生疗法。(再把脑袋里的缺口补上就完美了)同时还有名叫王平平的24岁导游,通过手术变成了梨形脸。她还进行了鼻型和眼型整形手术。Gao Shanshan, a28-year-old cosmetics agent, pictured before (left) and after surgery (right).She underwent a nose job, eyelid surgery, and had Botox face lift injections高珊珊,美容师,28岁,她接受了鼻、眼整形手术,并注射肉毒杆提升脸颊。如图,手术前(左)和术后(右)Julie, a29-year-old full-time mother, before surgery (left) and after (right)S heunderwent breast reconstruction, waist and abdomen liposuction and IPL skintreatment朱莉,一名29岁的全职妈妈,他接受乳房塑形,腰腹吸脂、光子嫩肤。如图,手术前(左)和术后(右)Zhou, a21-year-old student, pictured before (left) and after (right) surgery. She haddouble eyelid surgery and is wearing colored contacts周,一名21岁的学生,如图前(左)和术后(右)。她割了双眼皮并戴上了美瞳。Lin Wen, a21-year-old senior student, pictured before (left) and after (right) surgery.She had a nose job, Botox injections, double eyelid surgery, and receivedeyelash extensions and colored contacts林文,一名21岁的大四学生,如图前(左)和术后(右)。她进行了鼻整形,肉毒杆菌毒素注射,双眼皮手术,接受睫毛延展并带上了美瞳。South Korea israpidly becoming world#39;s plastic surgery leader, with more cosmetic proceduresper head of population than any other nation, according to global figuresreleased last year by the International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons.One in every 77people in South Korea now goes under the knife or needle in a bid to improvetheir looks.Shockingly, some20 per cent of women aged 19 to 49 in the capital, Seoul, admit to undergoingcosmetic surgery. One of the most popular procedures involves reducing excessskin in the upper eyelid to make the eyes appear bigger and more #39;Western#39;.韩国正迅速成为世界整形外科的领军者,人均整容人数世界领先,据去年国际美容整形外科学会发布的全球(统计)数据。每77个韩国人当中就有一个,通过手术或注射让他们自己变得更漂亮。让人不可思议的是,1/20的19到49岁的女性承认接受过整容手术。其中最流行的步骤,包括割眼皮,让眼睛显得更大更有“西方”味。This unidentifiedwoman is pictured before (left) and after (right) cosmetic surgery这是一位身份未知的女士整容手术前、后的照片A 56-year-oldwoman (pictured before surgery, left, and after, right), sought treatment forthe sagging skin on her face and neck, wrinkles, eye aging and age spots. Shealso had work done on her nose一位56岁的女士(图左,在手术前,后,右),为治疗她脸部和颈部皮肤松弛,皱纹,眼袋和老年斑而进行了美容手术。同时也对他的鼻子做了调整。It is believedthat the rise of the country#39;s music industry is behind the boom, and manypatients visit clinics with photos of celebrities, asking surgeons to emulateAmerican noses or eyes.Some women forexample also undergo Intense Pulsed Light treatment, a procedure which can,among other things, be employed to lighten the skin.相信随着该国音乐产业的兴起,不少人参照一些社会名流照片,通过外科医师就可以把眼型或鼻型变得像他们一样。在某些事情上,只需一个步骤,例如,有些女士通过光子嫩肤,就可以达到改善皮肤光泽作用。 /201411/342747

  

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