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呼市京美整形美容医院纹唇手术怎么样

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呼和浩特公立祛疤医院呼和浩特割双眼皮哪里好四六级资讯 The Relationship between Brain Process with Mental Experi 阅读练习与讲义 -- :55: 来源: The Relationship between Brain Process with Mental Experience  By 1950, the results of attempts to relate brain processes to mental experience appeared rather discouraging. Such variations in size, shape, chemistry, conduction speed, excitation threshold, and the like as had been demonstrated in nerve cells remained negligible in significance any possible correlation with the manifold dimensions of mental experience.  Near the turn of the century, it had been suggested by Hering that different modes of sensation, such as pain, taste and color, might be correlated with the discharge of specific kinds of nervous energy, However, subsequently developed methods of recording and analyzing nerve potentials failed to reveal any such qualitative diversity. It was possible to demonstrate by other methods refined structural differences among neuron types; however, proof was lacking that the quality of the impulse or its conduction was influenced by these differences, which seemed instead to influence the developmental patterning of the neural circuits. Although qualitative variance among nerve rigidly disproved, the doctrine was generally abandoned in favor of the opposing view, namely, that nerve impulses are essentially homogeneous in quality and are transmitted as “common currency” throughout the nervous system. According to this theory, it is not the quality of the sensory nerve impulses that determines the diverse conscious sensations they produce, but, rather, the different areas of the brain into which they discharge, and there is some evidence this view. In one experiment, when an electric stimulus was applied to a given sensory field of the cerebral cortex of a conscious human subject, it produced a sensation of the appropriate modality that particular locus, that is, a visual sensation from the visual cortex, an auditory sensation from the auditory cortex, and so on. Other experiments revealed slight variations in the size, number, arrangement, and interconnection of the nerve cells, but as as psychoneural correlations were concerned, the obvious similarities of these sensory fields to each other seemed much more remarkable than any of the minute differences.  However, cortical as diverse as those of red, black, green and white, or touch, cold, warmth, movement, pain, posture and pressure apparently may arise through activation of the same cortical areas. What seemed to remain was some kind of differential patterning effects in the brain excitation: it is the difference in the central distribution of impulses that counts. In short, Brain theory suggested a correlation between mental experience and the activity of relatively homogenous nerve-cell s conducting essentially homogeneous impulses through homogeneous cerebral tissue. To match the multiple dimensions of mental experience psychologists could only point to a limitless variation in the spatiotemporal patterning of nerve impulses. Vocabulary  1. Up until 1950, efts to establish that brain processes and mental experience are related would most likely have been met with  [A]. vexation. [B]. irritability. [C]. discouragement [D]. neutrality  . The author mentions “common currency” primarily in order to emphasize the______.  [A]. lack of differentiation among nerve impulses in human beings.  [B]. similarities in the views of the scientists.  [C]. similarity of sensations of human beings.  [D]. continuous passage of nerve impulses through the nervous system.  3. Which of the following theories is reinced by the depiction of the experiment in lines —19?  [A]. Cognitive experience manifested by sensory nerve impulses are influenced by the area of the brain stimulated.  [B]. Qualitative diversity in nerve potentials can now be studied more accurately.  [C]. Sensory stimuli are heterogeneous and are greatly influenced by the nerve sensors they produce.  [D]. Differentiation in neural modalities influences the length of nerve transmissions.  . It can be inferred from the passage that which of the following exhibit the LEAST qualitative variation?  [A]. Nerve cells. [B]. Nerve impulses.  [C]. Cortical areas. [C]. Spatial patterns of nerve impulses.  Vocabulary  1. mental experiences 精神感受  . discharge 释放  3. negligible 微小的,可以忽略不计的  . manifold 多种多样的,多方面  5. neuron 神经元细胞  6. neural (中枢)神经的(系统)  7. qualitative diversity 质的多样性,量变的  8. disprove 反驳,反  9. homogeneous 相似的  . sensory nerve 感觉神经  . cortical 外皮的,皮质的  . cerebral cortex 大脑皮层  . locus 地点,区域  . psychoneural 精神神经  . heterogeneous 异源的,异种的,异体的  . spatiotenporal 时空的  难句译注  1. Such variations in size, shape, chemistry, conduction speed, excitation threshold, and the like as had been demonstrated in nerve cells remained negligible in significance any possible correlation with the manifold dimensions of mental experience.  [结构分析] 句型为such…as 可as 具有关系代词作用,此处作从句中had been demonstrated 的主语  [参考译文] 神经细胞中所显示的诸如在尺寸,形状,化学,神经脉冲中传导速度,激发界限等方面的那种变化差异对多方面的精神感受可能有联系来说仍然意义不大  . It was possible to demonstrate by other methods refined structural differences among neuron types; however, proof was lacking that the quality of the impulse or its conduction was influenced by these differences, which seemed instead to influence the developmental patterning of the neural circuits.  [参考译文] 有可能用其他办法来显示神经类型之间细微的结构差异可是,缺乏据实脉冲的或者其脉冲传导的质量受这些差别的影响相反,这种质量看起来它却影响了中枢神经循环的进展模式  3. In one experiment, when an electric stimulus was applied to a given sensory field of the cerebral cortex of a conscious human subject, it produced a sensation of the appropriate modality that particular locus, that is, a visual sensation from the visual cortex, an auditory sensation from the auditory cortex, and so on.  [结构分析] 主从句后面跟解释性同位语:that is ……  [参考译文] 在一个实验中,当电刺激作用于有意识的人体大脑皮层的某个感觉部位,它对这个特定部位产生一种恰如其分的感觉道,也就是说,视觉来自视觉皮层,听觉来自听皮层,以此类推  . Other experiments revealed slight variations in the size, number, arrangement, and interconnection of the nerve cells, but as as psychoneural correlations were concerned, the obvious similarities of these sensory fields to each other seemed much more remarkable than any of the minute differences.  [参考译文] 其他实验揭示了神经细胞在尺寸,数目,排列和相互联结上的细微变化可是,就精神神经相互关系而论,这些感觉部位相互之间明显的相似性似乎比任何细微差异更为明显多  5. In short, Brain theory suggested a correlation between mental experience and the activity of relatively homogenous nerve-cell s conducting essentially homogeneous impulses through homogeneous cerebral tissue.  [参考译文] 总之,大脑理论说明精神感觉和相对相似的神经细胞单位的活动有关系这种活动通过相似的大脑皮层组织传导的基本相似的脉冲  写作方法与文章大意  文章是对“大脑神经活动和精神感受关系的探讨”采用时空写法先从1950年,探索两者关系的结果令人沮丧谈起在临近本世纪转折时期,由赫林提出的不同的感觉态可能和某种神经能量有关经过一系列理论和经验探索,最后得出大脑理论说明神经感受和相对相似的神经细胞单位活动有关的结论这是一种通过相似的大脑结构引导相似脉冲的活动  祥解  1. C. 令人失望见文章的第一句话“到了1950年,大脑活动过程和精神感受有关系的实验结果看起来令人沮丧”  A. 令人恼火 B. 激怒 D. 中立 均不对  . A. 在人的神经脉冲中缺少变异(差别)Common currency 本义是一般通用这里的上下问决定了它的含义“无变异脉冲(普通脉冲)”第二段“虽然神经能量中的质变理论从没有受到严厉的驳斥,但这一学说被普遍放弃,而赞成其对立的观点;那就是:神经脉冲在质量沙锅内基本相似,并作为无变异脉冲(普通脉冲)经神经系统传送”所以普通脉冲就是指神经脉冲无变异,在质量上基本相似  B. 科学家观点上的相似性 C. 人类感觉相似性 D. 神经脉冲连续不断通过神经系统这三项和common currency 无关  3. A. 受刺激的大脑部位影响感觉神经脉冲所显示的认知感受在第二道题译文下面“根据这一理论,不是感觉神经脉冲的质量决定它们所产生的各种有意识的感觉而是由脉冲在大脑中释放的不同部位决定,并且有据明这一论点”见难句译注3  B. 现在对神经潜力的质量变化可以进行更精的研究 C. 感官刺激是异源的,并深受它们所产生的神经感觉(感受器)的影响 D. 神经形态上的差异影响神经传递长度  . B. 神经脉冲这在第题A中译注(即第二段)已有明确的答复“神经脉冲在质量上基本相似……”  A. 神经细胞见难句译注,“有可能用其他办法来显示神经细胞类型之间细微的结构差异” C. 外皮区域(部位) D. 神经脉冲空间模式见难句译注5和本文最后一句“为了和精神感受多样性吻合,心理学家只能指明神经脉冲时空模式上的无限差异”这说明,它不是 “Least qualitative variation.” 讲义内蒙古医科大学附属医院绣眉手术多少钱 年(TOEFL)考试词汇分类记忆:各种go --5 ::50 来源:qnr  各种go  go bowling去打保龄球;  go running去跑步;  go camping去露营;  go sailing去划船;  go sightseeing去观光;  go cycling去骑单车;  go fishing去钓鱼;  go hiking徒步旅游;  go swimming去游泳;  go walking去散步;  go jogging去慢跑;  go window shopping去逛街;  go mountain climbing去爬山 词汇 词汇 记忆 考试 TOEFLheavy er 沉闷冗长的读物呼和浩特美容祛疤那个医院好

内蒙古医学院第一附属医院修眉多少钱  (一)词的译法呼和浩特治疗酒糟鼻哪家医院好 Innovation sustains the progress of a nation. It is an inexhaustible motive ce the prosperity of a country and the source of the eternal vitality of a political party. The world is changing, China's rem, opening up and modernization drive are advancing and our people's great practice is progressing. All this urgently requires our Party to sum up new experience from practice, draw on the achievements of modern human civilization, broaden its fields of vision in theory and come up with new theses with the courage of the theory of Marxism. Only thus can our Party's ideology and theory guide the whole Party and the entire people ward and inspire them to push ahead the cause of building socialism with Chinese characteristics. Theoretical innovation based on practice precedes social development and changes. Bringing th new ideas in institutions, science and technology, culture and other fields through theoretical innovation, exploring the way ward in practice, never becoming conceited and never slackening our eft - these are the ways of running the Party and state, which we should follow a long time to come.呼市内蒙医院治疗痘坑多少钱

清水河县做双眼皮修复手术费用这个形容词常用於对一个人的批评比如说,"You'd better break up with your sleazy boyfriend bee you What else?asked Mr Trelawney.还有吗?屈利劳尼先生问。Only one thing, sir, said the captain.还有一件事,先生,船长说。There#39;s been too much talking aly.现在泄露出去的事情太多了。I#39;ll tell you what I#39;ve heard.我把我听到的告诉你们。That you have a map of an island;据说你们有一个岛的地图,that there#39;s crosses on the map to show where treasure is;上面画着叉叉标出了宝藏的位置;and that the island is-Then he told us the exact place.那个岛位于—他说出了那个岛的准确位置。I never told that to anyone!cried the squire.我没告诉过任何人!乡绅说。The crew know it, sir,replied the captain.船员知道了,先生,船长说。I don#39;t know who has this map, but I want it to be kept secret,even from me and Mr Arrow.我不知道地图在谁手里,但我希望保密,即使对我和埃罗也一样。If not ,I will ask you to let me leave the ship.否则我就请求离开这条船。You want us to keep all this a secret,said the doctor,你让我们保守秘密,大夫说,and you want all the weapons and powder to be kept near us.你把所有的武器都安置在我们附近。In other words ,you fear a mutiny.这就是说,你担心船上暴乱?I did not say that ,sir,replied Captain Smoll ett.我没这么说,先生,斯列特船长说。No captain could go to sea believing that.And he went away.相信有暴乱的船长是不会出海的。说完他走了。关于《金银岛》他打死来客,旧病突发;见到瞎子又病发死亡。读者这时意识到他不是主角。 /201306/245326赛罕区激光除斑多少钱内蒙古医学院附属医院做隆鼻手术多少钱

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