明星资讯腾讯娱乐2017年10月24日 15:29:36
A tourist was visiting New Mexico and was amazed at the dinosaur bones lying about.How old are these bones? the tourist asked an elderly Native American, who served as a guide.Exactly one hundred million and three years old.一位游客在新墨西哥游览,他对随处可见的恐龙化石甚感惊奇。这些化石有多长的历史?游客问一个上了年纪的当地美国人,他是作向导的。整整十亿零三年了。How can you be so sure? inquired the tourist.Well, replied the guide, a geologist came by here and told me these bones were one hundred million years old, and that was exactly three years ago.你怎么这么肯定?游客问道。哦,向导回答道,一个地质学家来过这儿,他告诉我说这些化石有十亿年了,再加上那是整整三年前的事了。 /201305/238581

Getting what you want in your career and in life isn#39;t as difficult as it may seem. I mean it.在你的事业和生活中得到你想要的并不像看起来那么困难。我说真的。Here#39;s a sneak peak at how you can be successful in everything you do:这里来一窥究竟如何在你所做的一切事情上获得成功:Listen First and Never Stop ListeningListening is the single-most important skill in professional and personal relationships. Most people have their own agenda and are too busy talking (or waiting to talk) to listen to you. If you, unlike most people, can truly listen with empathy, then people will like you--and eventually help you get what you want.首先要倾听,永远不要停止倾听在职业和个人关系上倾听是唯一最重要的技能。大多数人都有自己的行程,忙着谈话(或等待说话)以至于不能倾听你。如果你,不像大多数人一样,而是可以感同身受地真正倾听,那么人们就会喜欢你,最终帮助你得到你想要的。Help OthersWhen you want something from someone, instead of asking for it, help that person get what he or she wants. If you don#39;t know what he or she wants, then simply ask, ;How can I help you?; Since so many people are out to only help themselves, when you genuinely seek to help others succeed in their goals and dreams, you#39;ll stand out. And those people you genuinely help will in turn fight to help you succeed and give you everything you want. Help others first, without expecting anything--and the returns will be enormous.帮助别人当你想从别人那里得到什么东西,而非要求,帮助那个人得到他或她想要的。如果你不知道他或她想要的,然后简单地问,“我怎样才能帮助你?”既然如此多的人只会去帮助他们自己,当你真正寻求帮助别人成功实现他们的目标和梦想时,你就会脱颖而出。那些你真正帮助的人将反过来努力帮助你成功,给你想要的一切。先帮助别人,不期待任何东西,回报将是巨大的。Be Yourself: Authentic, Transparent, and Vulnerableauthenticity, transparency, and vulnerability all breed trust. And when people trust you, they#39;ll do anything for you. Open up to people, and take a chance, and you#39;ll be rewarded.做你自己:真实、透明以及脆弱真实、透明和脆弱都能滋生信任。当人们信任你,他们会为你做任何事。向他人敞开心胸,并抓住机会,你会有收获。Inject Passion Into Every InteractionPassion is contagious, but so is lack of passion. If you#39;re not passionate about what you#39;re talking about, why should someone else care? If you want something, you must be more excited and dedicated to it than anyone else.为每一次互动注入是会传染的,但缺乏也是一样。如果你对你谈论的东西缺乏,别人为什么要在乎呢?如果你想要什么,你必须更加兴奋,比任何人都要奉献更多。Surprise and Delight OthersWhen you surprise and delight others, not only do you make them happy--you remind them that you#39;re the type of person who might surprise and delight them soon again. Some classic examples: bringing home flowers to your wife for ;no reason;; telling a customer his order will arrive next week but then overnighting it.让他人惊喜和愉悦当你使他人惊喜和愉悦时,你不仅让他们快乐——你提醒他们你是那种可能很快又会给他们带来惊喜和快乐的人。一些经典的例子:“没有理由”地将一束鲜花带回家给你妻子,告诉客户他的订单下周到然后连夜发过去。Use The Four Most Important Words in Business and LifeSay ;I#39;m sorry; when you make a mistake and ;thank you; as much as you can. These words are so simple, yet so often people overlook the importance of saying them. Just say ;I#39;m sorry; and let another person forgive you, so you can move on, and eventually get what you want. Conversely, sincere gratitude to people is a powerful emotion to convey, and opens up many doors.在生意和生活中使用最重要的四个单词当你犯错误时说“对不起”,尽可能多地说“谢谢你”。这些话是如此简单,然而人们总是忽视说它们的重要性。只要说“对不起”,让另一个人原谅你,那么你就可以继续前进,并最终得到你想要的。相反地,真诚地感谢他人是一种强大的情感传达,能打开很多扇门。 /201307/246966




  The job of raising children is a tough one. Children don#39;t come with an instruction manual. And each child is different. So parents sometimes pull their hair out in frustration, not knowing what to do. But in raising children-as in all of life-what we do is influenced by our culture. Naturally then, American parents teach their children basic American values.  养育孩子是件伤脑筋的差事,孩子们并不是生下来就附有说明书的,而每个孩子又都不尽相同,所以有时候父母们真是挫折地扯光了头发,还不知该怎幺办。然而以教养孩子而言,就像生活中所有的事一样,我们的行为都受文化的影响,因此,美国父母很自然地会教导他们的孩子基本的美国价值观。  To Americans, the goal of parents is to help children stand on their own two feet. From infancy, each child may get his or her own room. As children grow, they gain more freedom to make their own choices. Teenagers choose their own forms of entertainment, as well as the friends to share them with. When they reach young adulthood, they choose their own careers and marriage partners. Of course, many young adults still seek their parents#39; advice and approval for the choices they make. But once they ;leave the nest; at around 18 to 21 years old, they want to be on their own, not ;tied to their mother#39;s apron strings.;  对美国人而言,教养的目标在于帮助孩子们自立更生。从婴幼儿期开始,每一个孩子都可能拥有自己的房间;随着孩子的成长,他们有更多机会自己作决定;青少年们选择自己喜欢的方式,以及跟什幺样的朋友一起玩;当他们进入了青年期之后,他们选择自己的事业和结婚伴侣。当然,很多的年轻人在作选择时,还是会寻求父母的忠告和赞同,但是当他们一旦在十八到二十一岁左右「离了巢」之后,就希望能够独立,不再是个离不开妈妈的孩子了。  The relationship between parents and children in America is very informal. American parents try to treat their children as individuals-not as extensions of themselves. They allow them to fulfill their own dreams. Americans praise and encourage their children to give them the confidence to succeed. When children become adults, their relationship with their parents becomes more like a friendship among equals. But contrary to popular belief, most adult Americans don#39;t make their parents pay for room and board when they come to visit. Even as adults, they respect and honor their parents.  在美国,亲子之间的关系不是那么地严肃,美国父母们试着将孩子视为个体,而不是他们自我的延伸,他们允许孩子去实现自己的梦想。美国人会赞美并鼓励孩子以给予他们成功的信心。当孩子长大成人之后,亲子之间的关系会更像地位平等的朋友,可是与大家一向所以为的恰好相反,当父母来访时,大部份的美国成年人并不会要求父母付食宿费,因为就算已经成年,他们还是很敬重父母的。  Most young couples with children struggle with the issue of childcare. Mothers have traditionally stayed home with their children. In recent years, though, a growing trend is to put preschoolers in a day care center so Mom can work. Many Americans have strong feelings about which type of arrangement is best. Some argue that attending a day care center can be a positive experience for children. Others insist that mothers are the best caregivers for children. A number of women are now leaving the work force to become full-time homemakers.  大部份有孩子的年轻夫妻们都为了养育孩子的问题而大伤脑筋。传统上,母亲们会和孩子待在家里,但是近几年来,把孩子放在幼儿园好让妈妈去工作的趋势渐长。对于哪一种安排才是最好的,许多美国人都有自己强烈的主张,有些人认为进幼儿园对孩子而言是很正向的经历,另一群人则坚持母亲是照顾孩子的最佳人选,许多的妇女现在也离开工作市场成为全职的家庭主妇。母来访时,大部份的美国成年人并不会要求父母付食宿费,因为就算已经成年,他们还是很敬重父母的。  Disciplining children is another area that American parents have differing opinions about. Many parents feel that an old-fashioned spanking helps youngsters learn what ;No!; means. Others prefer alternate forms of discipline. For example, ;time outs; have become popular in recent years. Children in ;time out; have to sit in a corner or by a wall. They can get up only when they are y to act nicely. Older children and teenagers who break the rules may be grounded, or not allowed to go out with friends. Some of their privileges at home-like TV or telephone use-may also be taken away for a while. Although discipline isn#39;t fun for parents or children, it#39;s a necessary part of training.  训诫孩子是另一项引起美国父母们争议的议题。许多父母觉得老式的责打能够帮助年幼的孩子明白:父母说「不」就绝对禁止去做,然而某些人则较赞同其它形式的训诫方式。例如:「隔离法」即是近年来颇被接受的方式,被隔离的孩子必须坐在墙角或是墙边,除非他们肯乖一点才可以起来;年纪稍大的孩子或是青少年若是违反规定,则可能受到被迫停止某项权益或是不准和朋友出去的处罚,而他们在家中的某些特权,像是看电视或是打电话,也会被取消一段时间。虽然处罚对于亲子双方都不是什么有趣的事,但是它仍是训诫孩子时必要的一部份。  Being a parent is a tall order. It takes patience, love, wisdom, courage and a good sense of humor to raise children (and not lose your sanity). Some people are just deciding not to have children at all, since they#39;re not sure it#39;s worth it. But raising children means training the next generation and preserving our culture. What could be worth more than that?  担任亲职是必须付出极大代价的,教养孩子需要付出耐心、爱心、智能、勇气以及高度的幽默感(同时不失去你明智的判断力)。有些人根本就决定不生孩子,因为他们不确定这样的付出值不值得,但是养育孩子意味着训练下一代并且保留我们的文化,又有什么会比这更有价值呢? /201303/228234Two questions for you: 1.) Are you overweight? 2.) Are you happy about it? If you answered “Yes” to #1 and “No” to #2 then we have good news for you: understanding the reasons why you are fat can help you lose that weight faster。问你两个问题: 1. 你超重了吗? 2. 这样你开心吗? 如果你第一个的问题的回答是肯定的,而第二个问题是否定的,那我们给你带来了好消息:明白自己为什么这么胖可以帮助你更快地减肥。The National Weight Control Registry (NWCR) tracks over 10,000 individuals who have lost significant amounts of weight and kept it off for long periods of time. People who don’t adopt the following behaviors are more likely to be overweight or obese. Here are the 5 reasons why you might be fat:美国国家体重控制登记处(NWCR)长期追踪调查了1万名减重明显而且保持下去的人。那些没有养成以下习惯的人更有可能超重或者肥胖。下面就是你为什么长胖的五大原因:1. You don’t eat breakfast你不吃早餐According to the NWCR research, 78 percent of people who were successful at losing weight and keeping it off reported regularly eating breakfast every day of the week. Only 4 percent of healthy people never eat breakfast. So here’s the deal: make yourself a healthy breakfast every morning. Choose foods like fresh fruit, smoothies, eggs, coffee (sans cream and sugar), tea, and whole grains。根据NWCR的研究,78%成功减肥并且保持下去的人每天都规律地吃早餐。健康人士中只有4%从不吃早饭。所以办法就是:每天早晨给自己做一份健康早餐。可以选择新鲜水果、果汁、鸡蛋、咖啡(不加奶油和糖)、茶和全谷物食品。2. You don’t weigh yourself enough你没有经常给自己称体重75 percent of people who maintain a healthy weight weigh themselves at least once a week. If you’re struggling to get rid of those love handles, then buy a scale and weigh yourself a few times a week. This will help you stick with your health goals and see measurable progress。75%保持健康体重的人每周至少给自己称重一次。如果你正在为减掉腰部赘肉努力,那就买一个秤,每周称几次体重。这有助于你坚持自己的健康目标,而且能够看到可以衡量的进步。3. You watch too much TV你看电视的时间太多了Here’s one of the biggest reasons why you might be fat: too many hours in front of the television. 62 of people on the NWCR registry watch less than 10 hours of TV per week. Get up off the couch and get some exercise instead。你长胖的最大原因之一就是,看电视的时间太多了。NWCR追踪的减肥成功人士当中,62%的人每周看电视的时间不到10小时。离开沙发,做点运动吧。4. You don’t exercise enough你缺乏锻炼Speaking of exercise, 90 percent of healthy folks exercise an average of 1 hour per day. Don’t think you have time for exercise? These tips will make you think otherwise。说到锻炼,90%的健康人士平均每天锻炼1小时。觉得自己没有时间锻炼?这些小贴士会改变你的想法。5. You don’t eat healthy enough你的饮食不够健康This one should be obvious. The biggest reason why most people are fat is because of what they eat. Good healthy habits start with a good diet. Eat more whole, natural, unprocessed foods like these:这一点应该很明显。大多数人长胖的最大原因都在于吃。良好的健康习惯从健康饮食开始。多吃一些完整、自然、未经加工的食物,比如:Fruits and veggies水果和蔬菜Nuts and seeds坚果和瓜子Lean meats and eggs from pasture-raised animals来自食草动物的瘦肉和蛋Healthy fats from olive oil, coconut oil, and dark chocolate来自橄榄油和椰子油的健康油脂、黑巧克力Whole grains全谷物HOW TO LOSE WEIGHT?如何减肥?Losing weight is tough. For most people, it requires a change in diet, a change in exercise habits, and a change in attitude. Here’s how you can accomplish all three:减肥是一件苦差事。对大多数人来说,这要求他们在饮食、锻炼习惯和态度上做出改变。下面这些建议告诉你该如何完成这三种改变:1. Set healthy goals设定健康的目标If you’re overweight and want to change that, the first step is deciding what your target weight is. Write down your goal and set a date that you want to accomplish that goal by。如果你已经超重,而且想要改变,第一步就是确定自己的目标体重。写下你的目标和你想要实现目标的日期。2. Start small从小事做起Making major behavior modifications isn’t something that happens overnight. So start with 1-2 things per week and work up from there. Commit to eating 5 servings of vegetables a day and exercising 2 days a week for the first week, then add a little more each week。你不可能一夜之间让自己的行为习惯做出巨大改变。所以每周改变一两件事,就从这开始。第一周保每天吃5种蔬菜,锻炼两天,然后每周增加一点。3. Track what you eat and how much you exercise跟踪记录你的饮食和运动量Now it’s time to start working toward that goal. The best way to stick with your diet and exercise regimen is to track it. There are plenty of websites and apps that allow you to do this. Or you can do it the old fashioned way and keep a written food and exercise journal. Find what works for you and write down what you’ve accomplished every day。现在可以朝着目标开始努力了。坚持饮食和锻炼习惯的最好办法就是跟踪记录。有很多网站和手机应用都可以帮助你完成记录。或者你也可以用老办法,手写饮食和锻炼日志。找出对你有效的办法,记录下你每天完成的内容。4. Evaluate and adjust评估和调整Every month you should take a look at your goal and see what type of progress you’ve made toward accomplishing it. If you’re not where you want to be, make minor adjustments. Try doing different exercises or cutting back on certain types of foods that you may be eating too much of. Losing weight and keeping it off is a highly personal thing. Find what works for you and stick with it。每个月你都应该审视一下自己的目标,看看你在实现目标的道路上取得了哪些进步。如果你还没有达到自己的要求,做一些小的调整。尝试不同的锻炼方法,或者减少某种吃的太多的食物摄入。减肥并且保持下去是因人而异的。找出对自己有用的办法,并且坚持下去。 /201311/263415

  It#39;s often been suggested that the CEOs of the Fortune 500 are of above-average height. We#39;ve never done the number-crunching ourselves, but unofficial studies suggest the assertion has merit. Arianne Cohen, the 6#39;3#39;#39; author of The Tall Book: A Celebration of Life from on High, maintains there is a tangible correlation between height and success -- and offers up a variety of theories on why tall people tend to thrive in business and elsewhere. Fortune recently sat down with Cohen to talk about the role height plays in the workplace.经常会有人提到,《财富》500强企业的CEO身高都在平均线以上。我们从未亲自调查过相关数据,但是非官方研究表明这一说法并非空穴来风。身高超过1.9米(6英尺3英寸)的埃尔瑞娜#8226;科恩(Arianne Cohen)是《高个子之书:至高点的生命礼赞》(The Tall Book: A Celebration of Life from on High)一书的作者,认为身高和成功的确相关,并且提供了一系列理论说明为什么高个子的人更容易在商界和其他领域取得成功。《财富》最近采访了科恩,她就身高在职场中的影响发表了自己的意见。So there#39;s really a connection between height and success?身高和成功真的有关吗?It#39;s huge. Tall people make an average of 9 per inch per year (for every inch above a person of average height) and this has been shown repeatedly in a set of four large-scale salary survey studies over 50 years in both the U.K. and the U.S.关系很大。高个子的人每高出平均身高1英寸(2.54厘米)每年就多赚789美元。过去50年中这个数字在对英国和美国所做的四项大型薪酬调查研究中都反复出现。Numerous studies show that when bosses are given real and fictitious resumes of two competent employees, there#39;s about a 70% chance that bosses will pick the taller person for the job. In follow-up studies where the managers were asked to rate the employees coming in to the job, they gave flying color reviews to the tall people, which is hilarious because none of the employees had even done anything yet. The clear implication of this is that tall people are perceived as very competent before they ever display proof that they are.大量研究表明,当面对两个称职的求职者递来的有真有假的简历时,70%的情况下老板都会选择个子高的那一个。在后续调查中,每当经理被问及如何评价即将上任的员工,他们总会对高个子流露溢美之词。这点实在是很滑稽,因为这些员工还什么都没有做。从这不难看出人们先入为主地认为个子高的人能力也卓尔不群。Why is that the case?为何会如此?One reason tall people are successful is that they are very memorable. We are evolutionarily primed so that whenever somebody sizable walks in the room, everyone in the room glances, because millions of years ago the biggest person was either going to be a protection or a threat. Being memorable is a major boon if you#39;re doing great work, but it#39;s a double-edged sword: If your work is awful, everyone is going to know it; they won#39;t forget.个子高的人取得成功的一个原因是他们让人印象深刻,这点是在人类进化的过程中形成的看法。每当一个大个子进屋时,他会引起每一个人的关注,因为几百万年以前,块头最大的人要么是保护者要么是威胁者。给人留下深刻的第一印象是一把双刃剑:如果你表现出色,那会锦上添花;但如果你表现糟糕,那么也尽人皆知,因为人们都没有把你忘记。Tall people are also very good at guarding their personal space, and this pays off in spades in the workplace. When two friends are talking they tend to be 18 inches apart, when two coworkers are talking they tend to be about three feet apart. When a boss and an employee are talking they tend to be at least four feet apart. People always give tall people that full four feet. So when they do studies where they put a camera in an office floor and track the body language, tall people are related to by everyone in the room with that ;boss-space,; whereas with short people, coworkers crowd their personal space.身材高大者善于保护自己的私人空间,这使得他们在职场中容易获胜。两个朋友交谈时,大概相距0.45米;两个同事交谈时,相距大概0.9米左右;当老板和雇员交谈时,至少相距1.2米。和个子高的人交谈时,人们往往会保持1.2米左右的距离。根据放在办公室地板上的摄像机跟踪到的肢体语言记录,在和高个子同事交谈时,所有的人都与其保持着相当于和老板保持的距离,然而在和矮个子同事交谈时,则侵占了对方大量的个人空间。So how do you explain shorter CEOs like Jack Welch and Ross Perot?如何解释像杰克#8226;韦尔奇(Jack Welch)和罗斯#8226;佩罗(Ross Perot)这样身材相对矮小的CEO?These are broad statistics, and there are many short people who do succeed. But people of any height who are successful tend to display certain behaviors that correlate with success. Jack Welch#39;s wife actually told me that Jack thinks he#39;s really tall. And there are behaviors that correlate with success. Successful people, whether short or tall, are known and seen. You know when Barry Diller walks into a room, and Jack Welch commands his physical space. So shorter people who are powerful often display many of the same behaviors as tall people.有大量的数据表明许多身材矮小的人也取得了非凡的成就。但凡是那些获得了成功的人,无论身高几许,都会表现出和成功相关的行为特征。杰克#8226;韦尔奇的夫人告诉我,事实上杰克自认为很高大。成功人士无论高矮,其一举一动都容易引起公众注意。你知道巴瑞#8226;迪勒(Barry Diller)什么时候进屋,而杰克#8226;韦尔奇能控制自己的活动空间。换言之,大权在握的矮个子往往会表现出许多和高个子一样的行为。There are also a number of short CEOs who have succeeded by avoiding the corporate ladder and starting their own companies. This is definitely the case for Ross Perot, who is a self-made billionaire. Ron Perelman and Barry Diller also started their own companies instead of trying to move up from inside a company.还有很多身材低矮的CEO通过自己开公司取得成功,而不是通过在公司内部一个阶梯一个阶梯往上爬。罗斯#8226;佩罗就是一个典型的白手起家的亿万富翁。罗恩#8226;佩雷曼(Ron Perelman)和巴瑞#8226;迪勒也都是这样打出了自己的天下。What are the best and worst jobs for tall people?什么工作最适合高个子,什么最不适合?Tall people make more money and also tend to cluster in higher-paying fields. This is because they tend to thrive in fields in which social interactions take place, since they#39;re helped by their body language. So tall traits are going to shine in these kinds of jobs. For example, if I were a litigator, I would be able to use the full power of my tall body to command presence, whereas if I were a clerk sitting behind a desk, I would gain no benefit from being tall. Granted, plenty of tall people flock to other fields -- for example, there are a disproportionate number of tall people in police work, firefighting work, and physical work where being tall would be of value.高个子的人赚钱更多,也更容易聚集在高薪领域。这是因为得益于他们的身体语言,他们易于在社交互动性强的领域成功,也就是说高大的身材会在这类型的工作中发挥优势。例如,如果我是一名律师,我就能充分利用我身高的优势来把握我的表现,相反假如我是一个文秘,每天坐在桌子后面,那么我的身高就无用武之地。当然,还有很多高个子的人涌向其他的领域。例如在警察、消防员和其他一些能发挥身高优势的行业中,个子高的人占有极大的比例。What advice do you have for tall people in a job interview?对高个子在面试工作时有什么建议?They say that when you#39;re networking, your goal is to be liked. You want to make someone as comfortable as possible. To do this you need to adjust your body language and be hyper-aware of yourself. In my case, this means no hovering. I go out of my way to kill the dumb jock stereotype by being as verbally coherent as possible, and I always sit down as soon as I possibly can. I gain nothing by standing there flexing my physical might.有人建议说面试的时候要迎合对方的喜好,要尽可能的让对方感到舒。要达到这个目标,你需要调整自己的肢体语言并且高度注意自己的言行。对我而言,我不能拖泥带水,要当机立断。我的身材很容易让人把我当成一个笨拙的运动员,我会尽可能以清晰连贯的口头表达来消除这种成见,并且一有机会我就坐下,因为我不会从不断调整站姿中获得任何好处。Isn#39;t it sometimes better to be short than tall?是否有时候身材矮小比身材高大有优势?The big challenge for tall people is that they cannot hide. Tall people are always public, and this can be pretty tough. Short people and those of average height can camouflage and sort of disappear in a crowd when they choose to. It#39;s just a beautiful thing to be able to hide, and really stressful when you#39;re tall and not able to do this.对于身材高大的人而言,一个很大的挑战是不能隐藏。高个子的人总在人们注意之中,这其实是一件麻烦事。矮个子以及中等身材的人可以根据自己的需要在人群中伪装甚至消失在人们视线之外。能够隐藏是一件很美妙的事,可惜对于高个子来说,由于无法隐藏自我而总是活在压力之下。Have you ever wished you were shorter?你是否曾经希望自己变矮?Absolutely. In my first job, in consulting, we would sit around in the conference room and I would always be the one called out and asked questions -- especially when I hadn#39;t even had a chance to have my first cup of coffee. Now it#39;s not a matter of wishing I were short, but of wishing that I could make the awkwardness and all of the really god-awful body language just go away!当然!我的第一份工作是咨询,那时我们经常围坐在一个会议室里开会。有时候我都来不及喝第一杯咖啡就被点名发表意见。现在,重要的不是希望自己变矮,而是希望我可以避免做出笨拙和特别糟糕的肢体语言。 /201311/263738IN JOURNALISM, cynics suggest, three data points are enough to pronounce a trend. As of March 3rd, AIDS researchers hope that two might be sufficient. On that day Deborah Persaud of Johns Hopkins University announced to the Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections in Atlanta, Georgia, that a patient under her care had been cured of HIV infection. The announcement was hedged in the usual caveats (“functionally cured” was the exact term used). But the bottom line was clear. Dr Persaud thinks her patient, a two-and-a-half-year-old girl whose identity is confidential, has joined Timothy Brown, a man known to many as the “Berlin patient”, as a human being who was once definitively infected with HIV and now no longer is.在新闻界,愤世嫉俗者认为三个案例足以推断出一种趋势。自3月3日起,艾滋病研究人员则希望两个可能就足够了。在那一天,(美国)约翰霍普金斯大学的黛拉·佩尔绍德在佐治亚州的亚特兰大召开的逆转录病毒和机会性感染会议上表示,她已治愈一位患有艾滋病毒的病人。这一消息也受到很多的质疑(确切的称“功能性治愈”)。但是情况很清楚。佩尔绍德士认为她的病人(2岁半的女孩,具体身份未透露)和人称“柏林病人”蒂莫西·布朗的病例相同,布朗曾确诊感染艾滋病毒,现已完全治愈。The facts of the case that Dr Persaud was prepared to make public are limited (the patient is, after all, a child). But the pertinent point is that she was born infected because her mother was infected and was treated with standard anti-retroviral drugs almost immediately and for 18 months afterwards. She was then lost track of for five months. When the child returned to doctors’ attention, they found the virus had vanished—and six months later, despite the fact that the girl is no longer taking anti-AIDS medicine, there is no sign of HIV having returned in force.佩尔绍德士准备公之于众的案例是有局限性的(毕竟这仅是个孩子)。但是相关的内容是:因为小孩的妈妈感染了艾滋病毒,小孩在出生时被诊断出携带艾滋病毒,研究人员随即对其进行了18个月的标准性抗逆转录病毒治疗。此后五个月中止了治疗。当医生再次对该小孩进行检查时,发现她体内病毒已消失—6个月之后,虽然小女孩不用再用抗艾滋病毒药物,但是她体内已没有艾滋病毒繁殖的迹象。This is a result of great potential significance. Mr Brown’s cure was effected, accidentally, because his bone marrow (and thus the pertinent part of his immune system, which HIV infects) was destroyed and replaced during a course of treatment for leukaemia. That is hardly a viable approach for those who do not have that disease. But if HIV infection can be cured with drugs, as Dr Persaud’s observations suggest, a whole, new line of investigation opens up.这一成功案例有潜在的重大意义。布朗先生的艾滋病意外地得到治愈,是因为在进行白血病治疗过程中,他的骨髓(以及受艾滋病感染的相关免疫系统部分)遭到破坏并得到移植。对于那些没有患白血病的艾滋病毒感染者来说,这不是一个可行的治愈方法。佩尔绍德士的研究表明,如果药物能够治愈艾滋病患者,一项全新的调查研究即将开启。 /201303/228910






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