明星资讯腾讯娱乐2017年10月24日 13:46:00
Gather lots of information about your subject matter. Study it diligently. Work hard. Follow Vincent Van Gogh’s advice: “If one is master of one thing and understands one thing well,one has at the same time insight into and understanding of many things.” Look at your topic from many different perspectives. How would a mystic approach this idea? How would a rocket scientist look at this? What would a child do? What would a very old person do?Meditate. Let your thoughts simmer as you go for a long walk. Get back to work. Create a hypothesis. Test your hypothesis. Relax. Inspiration won’t strike if you’re tense. Hang around with creative people. Go to a café frequented by artists and eavesdrop on their conversation. Be comfortable with uncertainty and ambiguity. Create a mind map of your subject matter.Remember that practice makes perfect. Sit down to create even when you don’t feel like it. Gather more information. Think abundantly: there are many ideas out there, numerous alternatives, several solutions, and endless ways to make things better. Know that there’s an unlimited supply of ideas. Buy a goldfish. Watch it swim around in its tank. Ignore people who try to dissuade you from following through on your idea.Remember that inspiration requires perspiration. Ask yourself: is there another way to look at this? What assumptions are you making? Challenge those assumptions. Read books on creativity.Apply the techniques taught in those books. Visualize. Listen to Baroque music. Put in the hours. What are you failing to see that is staring you right in the face? Read poetry. Be passionate. Sort through Rorschach ink-blots; what do you see? Break the rules.(The “Full Spectrum” photograph is courtesy of mdezemery).Jolts to your routine will lead to new ideas. Simplify: what can you edit out of your current idea to make it better? Exercise.Exaggerate. What if you were a thousand times smarter? What if you were two inches tall? Make the colors brighter. Now see it in black and white. Take risks. Get over the fear of being wrong.Believe in magic. Set a time constraint. Learn to juggle. Remember to feed your goldfish. Laugh until your stomach hurts.What common elements could you combine in a new way?Conduct experiments. Take note of what works and what doesn’t. Make small tweaks and try again. Take time off and put together a jigsaw puzzle. What if this problem had to be solved in the next half-hour? Set a quantity a: what if you had to come up with twenty different ways of solving this? Discuss your idea with a friend who is very different from you. Follow Einstein’s advice: take a nap. What does your intuition tell you?What does your logic tell you? Are there any analogies you can draw from nature? Trust yourself. Give yourself permission to make something really special. Put on the judge’s robe and criticize your own work. Decide what works and what doesn’t. Keep molding your idea, adding a little bit here, and taking away a little bit there. Come up with a unique plan for getting your work out there. Now take your idea and implement it in the real world.Watch your idea take its first breath; its first steps . . . Do a little dance and thank the gods of creativity for their inspiration. 收集一些关于你自己事情的资料、信息。勤奋、努力地学习它。文森特.梵高的建议:“如果一个人能掌握一件事,并能非常好地理解它,那么他同时也能洞察和了解其他很多事情。”从不同角度审视你所选的话题。神学家怎么想这个观点呢?研究火箭的科学家怎么看呢?孩子会怎么样做呢?老人又会怎么呢?沉思中。那就散步久一些,让你的思维好好酝酿一下吧。回到工作上。做一个假设。测试一下这个假设。放松。人至紧则无智。多和那些有创造性的人在一起。多和艺术家一起去咖啡馆,听听他们的谈话。轻松面对您所不确定和不清楚的事情。在脑子里构建一个图,是关于您之前收集关于自己事情的资料。请记住:熟能生巧。即使你不喜欢它,还是得要坐下来做一做它。收集更多的信息。想得再多一些。其实有很多种想法,无数种选择,一些解决办法和无数种让事情做得更好的方式。要知道想法的出现是无穷的。不必理会那些劝止你按照自己意愿做事情的人。问一下自己:对于这件事情就没有其他方法了吗?你做了什么设想呢?试一试那些设想吧。读一些关于创造性方面的书。运用书上所教你的方法。形象化一些就是:听听巴洛克音乐。听它几个小时。你所没有看见的就是你现在面对开始的。读读诗。要充满热情地去读它。好好斟酌一下你的日常事物。可能会有新的想法、思路。简言之,你能用什么办法把现在的想法做得更好?试一试。夸张一些:如果你是现在的千分之一那么小,你会怎样做?抑或是两英尺那么高?把事情弄明了一些。那么现在换个角度来看看。冒一下险,克一下因犯错而产生的恐惧。相信魔力。设置一个时间限定。学习一下玩戏法。记得喂你得金鱼。如果笑,要笑到你胃痛。怎样可以将普通元素以一种新的方式组合呢?做一些实验。将哪一些有效,哪一些无效记录下来。进行小的调整,然后再试一次。花一些时间玩玩七巧板智力拼图。在接下来的半小时里,如果这个问题必须解决,你会怎样做?设定配额数量:如果有20种解决这件事情的不同办法,你会怎样做?和与你持不同意见的朋友讨论一下你的想法。接受爱因斯坦的意见吧:打个小打盹儿。你的直觉告诉你什么?你的逻辑怎么样告诉你呢?从性质上可以得出什么类推法吗?相信你自己。允许你自己做一些真正不一样的事情。站在法官的角度来批评一下自己的事情。评判一下哪一些有用,哪一些无用。在你思想慢慢成型的过程中,在这里加一点,去掉那里一些。为自己的事情做一个独特的计划。那么现在就将你的想法在现实世界中实践吧。关注你的第一次尝试,第一步… …小跳一段舞蹈,感谢上帝的创造性,因为他们有如此的灵感。 /200806/42663Many of us may have lists of contacts and followers on social media networks that extend into the thousands, but new research has found we may actually only have five real friends.我们中的许多人通讯录里的联系人和社交媒体网络上的好友可以增加到数千人,但是新研究指出,事实上我们拥有的真正意义上的朋友可能只有5个。A team of scientists have found that while humans have the capacity to form complex layered societies, we face an upper limit to how many friends we can have in our inner circle.一个科学家团队发现,人们可以构建纷繁复杂、层次分明的社会群体,而在自己的社交圈里,我们拥有的朋友数量是有上限的。They say this upper limit of five has likely gone unchanged for hundreds of thousands of years and probably governed social relationships when humans lived as groups of hunters.他们表示,几十万年来,5个朋友的上限可能从未改变,或许从人类集体狩猎开始,这种模式一直掌控着人际关系。Whenever we add someone new to our social network, they argue, each new friend is actually slightly more distant than those of the inner circle.他们认为,无论我们在什么时候从社交网络上添加新朋友,每位新朋友还是比我们圈子里的朋友要稍微有距离些。It suggests that while we may have just a few friends, we can still surround ourselves with acquaintances.这表明了我们可能只有几个朋友,但周围却围绕着一群熟人。Michael Harré and Mikhail Prokopenko, both with the University of Sydney in Australia, said while we may only have five close friends, our social network from them can extend to 132 people.来自悉尼大学的迈克尔#8226;哈雷和米哈伊尔#8226;普罗科彭科表示,虽然我们只拥有5个亲密朋友,但是我们可以通过他们把自己的社交网络扩展至132人。The researchers built computer models to analyse human social networks and then compared them to hunter-gatherer societies.研究者创建了电脑模型来分析人类社交网络,接着将分析出来的数据同采集狩猎社群进行对比。They explain that from an evolutionary perspective, it was important to have small groups of close-knit social connections when humans were on hunting expeditions and other dangerous stations.他们从进化的角度解释道,处在狩猎探险或其他危险情况下,拥有紧密社会联系的小团体对人类而言是至关重要的。This would mean that we did not have to be as close with the rest of the wider group - as long as we had a strong bond with around 5 others.这意味着只要我们和5个朋友关系亲密,就无需与更多的人保持紧密联系。Even now, as we add or follow others on social media, most new connections are made through meeting friends of others.即使现在我们会在社交媒体上添加或关注其他人,但大部分人还是通过与其他人的朋友见面形成新的联系。Writing in the Journal of the Royal Society Interface, the researchers said: conclude that humans were probably egalitarian in hunter–gatherer-like societies, maintaining an average maximum of four or five social links connecting all members in a largest social network of around 132 people.#39;研究者在《英国皇家学会界面杂志》上写到:我们得到的结论是处在狩猎采集者之类的社会团体中,人类可能会主张平等主义,他们会保持人均4到5个的社会联系人,把这些联系人整合起来,我们最多能将社交网络关系扩展至132人左右。As we form new connections and relationships, they become increasingly distant from our #39;core#39; starting group当我们构建新型连接与关系时,这些人离我们最初的核心团体越来越远。The researchers added that the #39;social brain hypothesis#39; describes #39;neurologically constrained capacity for maintaining long-term stable relationships#39;.研究者补充道,“社会化大脑假说”描述的是维持长期稳定关系的神经控制能力。The #39;hunter-gatherer#39; example shows how social hierarchies can form - you only need to directly know a few people in a large group in order to become a leader figure.“狩猎者采集者”的例子明了社会阶层是如何形成的,要成为领导者,你只需直接了解大团体中的几个人便可。The researchers say that while social media is changing the number of people we can be connected to - in 2014, the mean average number of Facebook friends was 338 - it is unlikely to change the number of friends we actually have.2014年,脸书用户的平均朋友数是338人。研究者表示,虽然社交媒体正在改变我们联系人的数量,但这不太可能会对我们实际拥有的朋友数造成影响。 /201605/446111

Apple has warned that future investment by multinationals in Europe could be hit after it was ordered to pay a record-breaking Euro13bn (£11bn) in back taxes to Ireland.欧盟要求苹果公司向爱尔兰政府补缴破纪录的130亿欧元(110亿英镑)税款。苹果警告称跨国公司未来在欧洲的投资或遭受打击。The world’s largest company was presented with the huge bill after the European commission ruled that a sweetheart tax deal between Apple and the Irish tax authorities amounted to illegal state aid.欧盟委员会裁定苹果公司与爱尔兰税务当局达成的税收优惠协定属非法国家援助后,这家全球最大的公司面临天价税单。The commission said the deal allowed Apple to pay a maximum tax rate of just 1%. 欧盟委员会称,该优惠协定使苹果公司的最高税率仅有1%。In 2014, the tech firm paid tax at just 0.005%. 2014年,这家科技公司的税率仅为0.005%。The usual rate of corporation tax in Ireland is 12.5%.而爱尔兰企业所得税的通常税率是12.5%。Member states cannot give tax benefits to selected companies – this is illegal under EU state aid rules, said the European competition commissioner, Margrethe Vestager, whose investigation of Apple’s complex tax dealings has taken three years.欧盟竞争事务专员玛格丽特#8226;韦斯塔格表示:成员国不得向个别公司提供税收优惠——优惠协定违反了欧盟的国家援助规定。维斯塔格对苹果公司复杂税收交易的调查已进行了三年。Vestager’s ruling prompted an angry response from Apple and from Ireland and is likely to spark a political row between the US and the EU. 维斯塔格的裁定激起苹果和爱尔兰的强烈不满,并可能引发美国与欧盟之间的政治争论。The US Treasury said the ruling threatened to damage the important spirit of economic partnership between the US and the EU.美国财政部称此裁定会危害美国和欧盟之间重要的经济合作精神。In a letter to customers, Apple’s chief executive, Tim Cook, claimed the ruling could deal a blow to big companies investing in Europe: Beyond the obvious targeting of Apple, the most profound and harmful effect of this ruling will be on investment and job creation in Europe. 苹果首席执行官蒂姆#8226;库克在致客户的信中称,该裁定会对投资欧洲的大型企业造成打击:这一裁定除明显针对苹果外,还将对欧洲的投资和就业产生深远的负面影响。Using the commission’s theory, every company in Ireland and across Europe is suddenly at risk of being subjected to taxes under laws that never existed.按欧盟委员会的理论,爱尔兰和欧洲的任何一家公司突然都要根据从未存在的法律来缴纳税款了。The commission said Ireland’s tax arrangements with Apple between 1991 and 2015 had allowed the US company to attribute sales to a head office that only existed on paper and could not have generated such profits.欧盟委员会表示,爱尔兰与苹果1991至2015年间的税收协议容许了苹果将销售额归入一家总部名下,而这一总部实际并不存在,也不能产生巨额利润。The result was that Apple avoided tax on almost all the profit generated from its multi-billion euro sales of iPhones and other products across the EU’s single market. 由此,苹果在欧盟单一市场销售亿万欧元的iPhone和其他产品,所得利润几乎都得以避税。It booked the profits in Ireland rather than the country in which the product was sold.公司将盈利计入爱尔兰的业务部门,而非产品的实际销售国。Apple and Ireland said they intend to appeal against the ruling.苹果公司和爱尔兰表示,他们将就这一裁决提出上诉。The figure of Euro13bn plus interest is 40 times the previous record for such a case and the equivalent of the annual budget for Ireland’s health service. 130亿欧元再加上利息,补税额已达此前同类裁决中最高金额的40倍,与爱尔兰公共医疗卫生务的年度预算相当。Irish campaigners called for the windfall to be invested in public housing.爱尔兰的活动家们号召将这笔意外之财用于公共住房项目。The taxable profits of Apple Sales International and Apple Operations Europe did not correspond to economic reality, the commission said.欧盟委员会称,苹果国际销售公司和苹果欧洲运营公司的应纳税利润与其实际盈利不符。Vestager said: The commission’s investigation concluded that Ireland granted illegal tax benefits to Apple, which enabled it to pay substantially less tax than other businesses over many years.维斯塔格说:委员会的调查发现,爱尔兰给予苹果公司的非法税收优惠,使苹果多年来比其他公司少缴纳了许多税金。Vestager suggested other countries, including the US, might now examine how Apple did business within their borders. These other jurisdictions might then claim a share of the unpaid tax from Apple for the same period. 维斯塔格表示,现在,包括美国在内的其他国家或可审查苹果在其境内的业务,或许也能追收苹果该时期内少缴的税款。This would reduce the bill owed to Ireland.那么苹果补缴给爱尔兰的金额则会减少。Tim Cook, Apple’s chief executive, said the commission was rewriting Apple’s record in Ireland, overriding Irish law and disrupting the international tax system. 苹果掌门人库克称,欧盟委员会正在改写苹果在爱尔兰的历史,它凌驾于爱尔兰法律之上并扰乱了国际税收制度。He said Apple chose the Irish city of Cork as its European base 30 years ago and had expanded from 60 workers to almost 6,000 in Ireland.他说,苹果公司30年前选择了爱尔兰的科克作为其欧洲总部,在爱尔兰的员工数量也从60人发展至近6000人。He said Apple would appeal and that he was confident of winning.他表示苹果将会上诉且有信心获胜。Cook said: We never asked for, nor did we receive, any special deals. 库克说:我们从未要求,也从未接受过任何特殊协议。We now find ourselves in the unusual position of being ordered to retroactively pay additional taxes to a government that says we don’t owe them any more than we’ve aly paid.现在却发现自己陷入异乎寻常的处境,被要求向政府补缴额外税款。而政府说,我们税金已缴,什么也不欠他们。The commission’s decision is a rebuff to US efforts to persuade it to drop the case after warnings of retaliation from Washington.美国此前已发出报复警告,试图让欧盟不去追究苹果纳税一案,而欧盟委员会的这一裁定是对美国诉求的有力回绝。Apple, which changed its tax arrangements with Ireland in 2015, should easily be able to pay the huge tax bill because it has a cash mountain of more than 0bn (£176bn) of cash and securities, mostly held outside the US. 苹果于2015年修改了与爱尔兰的税收协定。鉴于其坐拥超过2300亿美元(1760亿英镑)的现金和券,苹果付天价税款轻而易举。The tech group keeps the money outside the US because it would be forced to pay US tax charges if it repatriated the money.这家科技公司将资金储放在美国之外。因为资金一旦流回国内,就不得不承担美国的赋税。The Euro13bn figure covers only the 10 years before the commission first requested information in 2013. 欧盟委员会2013年开始对苹果进行调查,这130亿欧元只涵盖了此前10年的未缴税款。The commission, which does not have the authority to go back any further, said it was up to Ireland to collect the tax from Apple.无权再向前追溯的委员会表示,向苹果收税一事取决于爱尔兰政府。The Irish government, however, wants the ruling reversed because it wants to preserve its status as a low-tax base for overseas companies.然而爱尔兰政府也希望推翻裁决,保住自己低税港湾的地位以吸引海外公司。 /201609/464406





  China#39;s first batch of steel wires for making 2.3-mm ballpoint pen tips recently rolled off the production line of Taiyuan Iron And Steel (Group) Co., Ltd. (TISCO), marking a breakthrough in the domestic production of stainless steel balls for ballpoint pens.近日,中国首批用于制作2.3毫米圆珠笔头的钢线从太原钢铁公司的生产线下线,这标志着国内圆珠笔不锈钢珠生产的突破。China, a country that produces 40 million pens each year and has more than 3,000 pen manufacturers, has long relied on imported core technologies — both for the stainless steel ball and its casing — from Japan, Germany and Switzerland.中国拥有3000多家造笔厂、每年生产4000万笔,但是却长期依赖从日本、德国和瑞士进口的核心科技--不锈钢珠和钢珠外的钢壳。In the past, China has spent 120 million RMB (.3 million) annually on such materials.过去,中国每年要花费1.2亿人民币(约合1730万美元)在这些材料上。Both the machines and raw materials needed to produce ballpoint pens require precise technology, which has challenged the industry for years.无论是制造圆珠笔需要的机器还是原材料,都要求精确的技术,多年来这一直是摆在这一行业面前的难题。According to Wang Jinhui, a senior engineer at TISCO, such manufacturing techniques were a core secret in the success of foreign manufacturing enterprises. As a result, China had to develop its own original technology without any guide.据太原钢铁公司一名名叫王金辉的高级工程师表示,这类制造技术是外国制造企业成功的核心秘密。因此,中国不得不在没有指导的情况下发展自己的原创技术。Fortunately, after five years of trial and error, the development program, which started in 2011, finally achieved success.幸运的是,经过五年的实验和多次失败之后,这一始于2011年的开发项目最终取得了成功。The new product is currently being tested at the laborotary of BEIFA, a large stationary production group in China.这项新产品目前正在中国一家大型固定生产组BEIFA的实验室里进行测试。A number of enterprises have aly adopted the new technology from TISCO, and it is expected to replace imported ballpoint pen tips in the next two years.一大批企业已经从太原钢铁公司那里采用了这项新技术,有望在未来两年内代替进口圆珠笔头。 /201701/490167






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